Selection Sort Data Structure Example in C - Program to arrange elements in Ascending, Descending Order.

Selection Sort is the most simplest Sorting Technique, in this sorting technique first finds the smallest or largest element (depending on the order that you want to do) and swaps the smallest or largest elements with the corresponding element.

C program for Data Structure Selection Sort Example - In this program we will read N number of elements in an One Dimensional Array and arrange all elements in Ascending and Descending Order using Data Structure Selection Sort technique.

Data Structure - Selection Sort Example using C program


/*Selection Sort - C program to sort an Array 
in Ascending and Descending Order.*/

#include <stdio.h>

#define MAX 100

int main()
{
    int arr[MAX],limit;
    int i,j,temp,position;
    
    printf("Enter total number of elements: ");
    scanf("%d",&limit);
    
    /*Read array*/
    printf("Enter array elements: \n");
    for(i=0; i<limit; i++)
    {
        printf("Enter element %3d: ",i+1);
        scanf("%d",&arr[i]);
    }
    
    /*sort elements in Ascending Order*/
    for(i=0; i<(limit); i++)
    {
        position=i;
        for(j=i+1; j<limit; j++)
        {
            if(arr[position]>arr[j])
            {
                position=j;
            }
            if(position!=i)
            {
                temp=arr[i];
                arr[i]=arr[position];
                arr[position]=temp;                
            }
        }
    }

    printf("Array elements in Ascending Order:\n");
    for(i=0; i<limit; i++)
        printf("%d ",arr[i]);
    
    printf("\n");
        
    /*sort elements in Descending Order*/
    for(i=0; i<(limit); i++)
    {
        position=i;
        for(j=i+1; j<limit; j++)
        {
            if(arr[position]<arr[j])
            {
                position=j;
            }
            if(position!=i)
            {
                temp=arr[i];
                arr[i]=arr[position];
                arr[position]=temp;                
            }
        }
    }

    printf("Array elements in Descending Order:\n");
    for(i=0; i<limit; i++)
        printf("%d ",arr[i]);
        
    printf("\n");
    
    return 0;
}

    Enter total number of elements: 5 
    Enter array elements: 
    Enter element 1: 11 
    Enter element 2: 2
    Enter element 3: 1
    Enter element 4: 223
    Enter element 5: 4
    Array elements in Ascending Order:
    1 2 4 11 223
    Array elements in Descending Order: 
    223 11 4 2 1