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What is the full form of ABS?

Full form of ABS: Here, we are going to learn about the ABS, full form of ABS, overview, history, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on January 26, 2020

ABS: Anti-lock Braking System

ABS is an abbreviation of the Anti-lock Braking System. It is a safety anti-skid braking system that is used on a variety of aircraft, automobiles and other land vehicles, such as motorcycles, trucks, and buses. ABS works by putting off the wheels from locking up for the duration of braking, in this manner maintaining tractive contact with the road surface.

ABS is a mechanically programmed system that uses the concepts of threshold braking and cadence braking, methods that were once practiced by competent drivers before ABSes were extensive and well-known. ABS works at a much quicker pace and more efficiently than the majority of drivers could control and handle.

Full form of ABS: Anti-lock Braking System

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ABS History

  • In the 1950s, the concept introduced for ABS predates the modern systems.
  • In 1908, J.E. Francis launched his 'Slip Prevention Regulator for Rail Vehicles.
  • In 1920, the French automobile and aircraft explorer Gabriel Voisin conducted experiments with systems that exerted a modifying influence on the hydraulic braking pressure on his aircraft brakes to diminish the risk of tire slippage.
  • In 1928, the first patented system was formed by German engineer Karl Wessel.
  • At the beginning of the 1950s, the Dunlop Maxaret anti-skid system was in extensive aviation use in the UK.
  • In 1958, a Royal Enfield Super Meteor motorcycle was used by the Road Research Laboratory to examine the Maxaret anti-lock brake.
  • In the late 1960s, the first wholly electronic anti-lock system was developed for the Concorde aircraft.
  • In 1970, Ford added an anti-lock braking system called "Sure-track" to the rear wheels of Lincoln Continentals as an alternative.
  • In 1971, "Sure-track" turned out to be a standard anti-lock braking system.
  • In 1978, Mercedes-Benz W116 turned out to be the first production car to use an electronic four-wheel multi-channel anti-lock braking system (ABS).
  • In 1982, Honda launched electronically managed and organized multi-channel ALB (Anti Locking Brakes) as an alternative for the second generation of Prelude, introduced globally in 1982.
  • In 1985, the Ford Scorpio was introduced to the European market with a Teves electronic system right through the collection as standard.
  • In 1988, BMW launched the first motorcycle with an electronic-hydraulic ABS: the BMW K100.
  • In 1992, Honda followed suit with the inauguration of its first motorcycle ABS on the ST1100 Pan European.
  • In 2005, Harley-Davidson started providing an ABS alternative on police bikes.
  • In 2007, Suzuki introduced its GSF1200SA (Bandit) with an ABS.


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