What is Augmented Reality (AR)?

Augmented Reality (AR): Here, we are going to learn about the Augmented Reality, its history, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on January 09, 2021

AR: Augmented Reality

AR is an abbreviation of "Augmented Reality". It is an expansion of a real-world situation that provides interactive experience through the boost and augmentation by computer-generated perceptual information of the objects that exist in the real world, occasionally across various sensory modalities, comprising visual, auditory, haptic, somatosensory, and olfactory. An augogram is an image generated by the system of the computer, that is used to make AR. Augography is the knowledge and application of creating augograms for AR. AR can be classified as a system that carries out three fundamental attributes:

  • An amalgamation of real and virtual worlds
  • The interactive experience of real-time
  • Precise 3D process of registering virtual and real objects.


  • In 1901, L. Frank Baum, an author, first brings up the concept of electronic display/spectacles that superimpose data on people.
  • This concept is named as 'character marker'.
  • In between 1957 to 1962, Morton Heilig, a cinematographer, makes and patents a simulator called Sensorama with visuals, sound, vibration, and smell.
  • In 1968, Ivan Sutherland originates the head-mounted display and places it as a window into a virtual world.
  • In 1975, Myron Krueger makes Video place to enable users to interconnect with virtual objects.
  • In 1980, Steve Mann builds the primary wearable computer, a computer vision system with text and graphical superimposes on a photographically mediated scene.
  • In 1990, the term 'Augmented Reality' is featured by Thomas P. Caudell, a former Boeing researcher.
  • In 1995, S. Ravela et al. at the University of Massachusetts launched a vision-based system using monocular cameras to follow and keep a sight on objects (engine blocks) all over outlooks for augmented reality.
  • In 1999, NASA X-38 flown using LandForm software video map superimposes at Dryden Flight Research Center.
  • In 2004, an Outdoor helmet-mounted AR system was exhibited by Trimble Navigation and the Human Interface Technology Laboratory (HIT lab).
  • In 2008, on 20th Oct, Wikitude AR Travel Guide releases with the G1 Android phone.
  • In 2010, the Design of a mine detection robot for the Korean minefield.
  • In 2013, Meta makes known in public the Meta 1 developer kit.
  • In July 2016, Niantic launched Pokémon Go for iOS and Android.
  • The game rapidly turned out to be one of the highly well-accepted smartphone applications and in succession spikes the recognition of augmented reality games.
  • In 2019, Microsoft makes known in public HoloLens 2 with considerable enhancements in terms of field of view and ergonomics.

Reference: Augmented reality

Algo tagged in: Dictionary – 'A'

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