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What is Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)?

Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA): Here, we are going to learn about the Advanced Research Projects Agency, its history, current program offices, active projects, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on January 09, 2021

ARPA: Advanced Research Projects Agency

ARPA is an abbreviation of "Advanced Research Projects Agency". Currently, it is known as the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), which is an agency or organization of the United States Department of Defense in charge of the expansion and growth of promising technologies for use by the military.

  • In February 1958, the agency was established by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. It was established in acknowledgment of the Soviet launching of Sputnik 1 in 1957.
  • DARPA originates and implements research and development projects to develop the frontiers of technology and science, frequently ahead of instantaneous U.S. military necessities by working in partnership with academic, industry, and government partners.
  • DARPA-funded projects have made available considerable technologies that influenced a lot of non-military fields, such as computer networking and the foundation for the modern Internet, and graphical user interfaces in information technology.
  • DARPA is self-governing in comparison to other military research and development and accounts straight to senior Department of Defense management. DARPA includes just about 220 government employees in six technical offices, comprising almost 100 program managers, who collectively manage about 250 research and development programs.
  • In March 1972, the name of the organization first changed from its founding name ARPA to DARPA, temporarily changing back to ARPA in February 1993, simply to regress to DARPA in March 1996.

Current Program Offices

DARPA has seven technical offices that administer the agency's research portfolio and also supervise the special projects and transition efforts. All offices accounts to the DARPA director:

  • The Adaptive Execution Office (AEO)
  • The Defense Sciences Office (DSO)
  • The Information Innovation Office (I2O)
  • The Microsystems Technology Office (MTO)
  • The Strategic Technology Office (STO)
  • The Tactical Technology Office (TTO)
  • The Biological Technologies Office (BTO)

Active Projects

Some active Projects of DARPA are:

  • Aerial Reconfigurable Embedded System (ARES, formerly TX): Cargo carrying UAV.
  • ACTUV: A project to build an unmanned Anti-submarine warfare vessel.
    Air Dominance Initiative: a 2015 program to expand technologies to be used in sixth-generation jet fighters.
  • Big Mechanism: Cancer research. (2015)
  • Blackjack(2018)
  • BlockADE: Rapidly constructed barrier. (2014)
  • Boeing X-37
  • Captive Air Amphibious Transporter
  • Causal Exploration of Complex Operational Environments ("Causal Exploration") – computerized aid to military planning. (2018)
  • Clean-Slate Design of Resilient, Adaptive, Secure Hosts (CRASH), a TCTO initiative
  • Cognitive Technology Threat Warning System
  • Collaborative Operations in Denied Environment (CODE): (2015)
  • Computational Weapon Optic (CWO)
  • DARPA GXV-T
  • DARPA XG: technology for Dynamic Spectrum Access for assured military communications.
  • Experimental Spaceplane 1 (formerly XS-1): phase 2 and 3 of a reusable unmanned space transport.

Reference: DARPA


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