# What is the full form of BPS?

Full form of BPS: Here, we are going to learn what does BPS stands for? BPS – which is an abbreviation of "Bits and Bytes per Second" in Computer Acronyms/Abbreviations, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on May 11, 2020

## BPS: Bits and Bytes per Second

BPS is an abbreviation of "Bits per Second" and also an abbreviation of "Bytes per Second".

In the field of telecommunication, the transmission rate of data is measured as the standard number of bits, characters, or symbols or data blocks per unit time transmitting by using the means through a connection of communications in a structure of data-transmission. The regular data rate units are numerous manifolds of bits per second (bit/s) and bytes per second (B/s). For example, in the field of networking, 64kbits/s transmitted in an ISDN broadcasting channel or uncompressed telephone line, which means 64kbits/s is 64,000 bits/s or 8,000 bytes/s.

To make a distinction between bits/s and bytes/s:

A byte is a common unit of measurement of information in the form of kilobyte, kibibyte, megabyte, mebibyte, gigabyte, gibibyte, terabyte, tebibyte, etc. A byte is a collection of 8 bits (octet).
1. 1 KBps = 1 kilobyte per second
2. 1 MBps = 1 megabyte per second
3. 1GBps = 1 gigabyte per second
As 1 byte = 8 bits, the conversion of all these given bit ratings can be easily done by multiplying them with 8:
1. 1 KBps = 8*1 kilobits per second = 8 Kbps
2. 1 MBps = 8*1 megabits per second = 8 Mbps
3. 1GBps =  8*1 gigabits per second = 8 Gbps
• The decimal SI prefixes kilo, mega, giga, tera, etc, are signifies as:
1. Kilobit per second = kbit/s = 103 =10001
2. Megabit per second = Mbit/s = 106 =10002
3. Gigabit per second = Gbit/s = 109 =10003
4. Terabit per second = Tbit/s = 1012 =10004
• The binary prefixes kibi, mebi, gibi, tebi, etc are signifies as:
1. Kibibit per second = kibit/s = 210 =10241
2. Mebibit per second = Mibit/s = 220 =10242
3. Gibibit per second = Gibit/s = 230 =10243
4. Tebibit per second = Tibit/s = 240 =10244
• In the case of informal condition, when 1024 is taken as a close approximation of 1000, the two resultant prefixes are equivalent.
Also,
1. 1 kB (kilobyte) = 1000 bytes = 8000 bits
2. 1 KiB (kibibyte) = 210bytes = 1024 bytes = 8192 bits
3. 1 kb (kilobit) = 125 bytes = 1000 bits
4. 1 Kib (kibibit) = 210bits = 1024 bits = 128 bytes

Reference: Data rate units

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