What is the full form of CD?

Full form of CD: Here, we are going to learn what does CD stands for? CD – which is an abbreviation of "Compact Disc" in Computer Acronyms/Abbreviations, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on June 19, 2020

CD: Compact Disc

CD is an abbreviation of "Compact Disc".

It is a digital optical disc originally developed to store the audio of recordings in the format of a data file used as a portable storage medium. It was co-invented by Philips and Sony and launched in the market in 1982. Subsequently, it was adapted as a data storage medium in the format of CD-ROM. Afterward; various other formats were also launched at that time which comprises,

  • Record-once audio and data format(CD-R)
  • Re-writable media format (CD-RW)
  • Super Audio Compact Disc (SACD), for the high-resolution read-only optical audio disc format
  • CD-MIDI format
  • Video Compact Disc format (VCD)
  • Super Video Compact Disc format(SVCD)
  • Photo CD format
  • Picture CD format
  • Compact Disc-Interactive format (CD-i)
  • Enhanced Music CD format
  • Vinyl Disc format

As of 2007, CD-ROMs and CD-Rs continued to exist as broadly used digital disc technology in the industry of personal computers. The annual worldwide sales 2004, of CD-DA, CD-ROM, and CD-R achieved about 30 billion discs sale, which has made CD-DA and its extensions far more successful.


  • In the late 1960s, the first digital disc was invented by the American physicist James T.Russell, the first format to record audio and other digital information on an optical transparent foil.
  • In 1979, Sony and Philips organized and arranged a joint task force of engineers to co-develop and co-design an original digital audio disc format.
  • In the year 1980, after a year of conducting experiments, tests, and discussion, the Red Book CD-DA standard was issued, printed, and made available.
  • In 1982, Digital audio compact disc was launched in the market and its media players were turned out to be enormously well-accepted by the public.

Awards and Recognition

The various awards and recognition were acknowledged by Sony and Philip from specialized certified organizations for the co-development of the digital compact disc.
Some of these awards comprise,

  • In 1998, Sony and Philips awarded "Technical Grammy Award".
  • In 2009, Philips awarded the "IEEE Milestone Award", for his contribution to the co-development of the digital compact disc.

Algo tagged in: Dictionary – 'C'

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