What is the full form of CERN?

Full form of CERN: Here, we are going to learn what does CERN stands for? CERN – which is an abbreviation of "Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire" in Computer Acronyms/Abbreviations, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on August 03, 2020

CERN: Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire

CERN is an abbreviation of "Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire". In English, it is known as the "European Organization for Nuclear Research". It was set up in 1954, manages the biggest particle physics laboratory in the world. It's headquarter is situated in a northwest suburb of Geneva and has 23 member states. Its major role is to make available the particle accelerators and additional facilities and infrastructure, which are required for research and study of high-energy physics.

CERN History

  • On 29 September 1954, the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) was established and officially authorized by 12 countries in Western Europe.
  • The 12 founding Member countries, which officially authorized CERN are Belgium, Denmark, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and Yugoslavia.
  • In the beginning, the main objective of the laboratory was to commit itself for the research and study of the atomic nuclei, however, it was almost immediately put on the operation to research, function, and study on higher-energy physics, which largely related to the study of interconnected activities among subatomic particles. This is the reason; the CERN laboratory is generally mentioned as the European laboratory for particle physics.

CERN Achievements

Some of the significant achievements in the field of particle physics have been successfully brought about in the course of experiments at CERN, which comprises:

  • In 1973, the neutral currents were first time found in the Gargamelle bubble chamber at CERN laboratory.
  • In 1983, W and Z bosons were first time found in the UA1 and UA2 experiments at the CERN laboratory.
  • In 1999, the direct CP violation was the first time found in the NA48 experiment at the CERN laboratory.
  • In 2010, the process of segregation of 38 atoms of antihydrogen happened at CERN laboratory.

Future Project Concepts

CERN is working on two significant project concepts in association with prominent organizational groups, globally and researching and examining these two major concepts for future accelerators:

  • The first concept is a linear electron-positron collider accompanied by an original acceleration concept to augment the energy (CLIC).
  • The second one at present is termed as Future Circular Collider, which is an enhanced and superior version of the LHC.

Reference: CERN

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