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What is the full form of GPRS?

Full form of GPRS: Here, we are going to learn about the GPRS, full form of GPRS, overview, advantages, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on November 26, 2019

GPRS: General Packet Radio Service

GPRS is an abbreviation of General Packet Radio Service. It is a non-voice, high-level speed packet switching technology planned for GSM networks. On 2G and 3G cellular transmission systems, it is a packet aligned wireless data communication service for mobile signal transmission.

It operates based on the modulation technique which is also called Gaussian minimum-shift keying (GMSK). To allow GPRS on a GSM or TDMA network, we need to put in two core modules which are,

  • The Gateway GPRS Service Node (GGSN)
  • The Serving GPRS Service Node (SGSN)
GPRS full form

Image source: http://www.vector-logo.net/logo/GPRS-37187.html


Image source: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/GPRS-architecture-network_fig1_301887709

What GPRS does?

Based on internet protocols, GPRS can be used to give network connections that favor a broad diversity of enterprises as well as commercial applications.

Advantages of GPRS

  • In comparison to fixed telecommunication networks, it gives higher data transfer speed. Its prime speed is 171.2 kbps, which is nearly thrice than fixed-telecommunication speed in rapidness.
  • It gives quick immediate connection and instant data transfer.
  • It is very effective in the matter of cost.
  • It has original and higher-level applications. It gives applications of the internet over mobile and also makes easier Web browsing, IM messages, E-commerce, etc.
  • It enables a user to connect to the Internet even when the availability of other services such as 3G or HSDPA is not there.
  • In case of mobility, any location from where there is a network signal available, GPRS gives wireless access to the Internet.
  • It enables the concurrent use of both voice and data services. Therefore, a user can have both voice call and data call at the same time. Data call alludes to the use of the internet by browsing or downloading or uploading data.
  • As stated in the GSM standard, GPRS reuses almost identical air interfaces such as TDMA/FDMA, Bursts, frame structure. It makes use of normal burst and access burst stated by GSM.
  • Single 52 frame multi-frame for both traffic and signaling frame structure is used by GPRS which is different from GSM's dual structure of 26-frame multi-frame for traffic and 51-frame multi-frame for signaling.

What is needed to use GPRS?

  • An application with a GPRS modem.
  • A GSM/GPRS network.
  • A SIM card with GPRS service.
  • A remote station with access to the internet or the GPRS network.

GPRS is contemplated as 2.5G technology due to its more enhanced technology than standard 2G digital technology, but the necessity of 3G technologies it does not fulfill.


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