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What is the full form of PING?

Full form of PING: Here, we are going to learn about the PING, full form of PING, overview, history, working of PING, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on November 29, 2019

PING: Packet InterNet Groper

In the sector of networking of computers, PING is an abbreviation of Packet InterNet Groper. It is utility software or system software of administration of computer network used to trial between the two systems their connectivity of the network. The category of these systems considered may be any kind of commonly used personal computer, Server, Switch, Router or Gateway. It was developed to make sure or confirm the existence of the particular computer on the network that whether it exists or not on the network.

PING full form


How does PING work?

The working of Ping operates by transmitting an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo request packets to the target host and continue a holding for a response of ICMP echo. The review description of the program shows errors, packet loss, and a statistical synopsis of the description of review, usually comprising the minimum, maximum, the mean round-trip times, and standard deviation of the mean.

A sequence of packets is directed from one system to another over the network, in case the two systems are connected to a network to examine the connectivity in an arrangement to create a response from the other system. An acknowledgment is sent by the other system to state that both systems are joined in connectivity with each other through that network.

In the middle of several executions, the variation occurs in the options of the command-line of the ping utility and its output. The choices in command-line may comprise the size of the payload, count of trials, limits for the number of network hops (TTL) that examines extend across the range, an interlude in the middle of the requests and duration of waiting for a reply. Numerous systems make available for use a companion utility ping6, for testing on Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) networks, which executes ICMPv6.

History of PING

In 1983, December, the PING utility was created by Mike Muussas. In an IP network, it is a tool to troubleshoot problems.

The designing and creation of PING utility software were inspired by David Mills. He uses the ICMP echo packets for IP Network diagnostic and measurement.

The public domain software was the first launched version whereas, under the BSD license, all following versions were licensed. The first time ping was comprised of 4.3BSD. The development of the FreeDOS version was done by Erick Engelke and under the GPL it is licensed. The development of the ReactOS version was done by Tim Crawford and under the MIT License, it is licensed.


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