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What is the full form of XHTML?

Full form of XHTML: Here, we are going to learn what does XHTML stands for? XHTML – which is an abbreviation of "Extensible Hypertext Markup Language" in Computer Acronyms/Abbreviations, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on March 22, 2020

XHTML: Extensible Hypertext Markup Language

XHTML is an abbreviation of "Extensible Hypertext Markup Language".

It was developed by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). To transit from HTML to XML, the web developers use XHTML. XHTML ensures the compatibility of the content and it is easier for developers to enter XML using XHTML.

In XHTML family, the first document type is XHTML 1.0 is and recommended by W3C in 26 January 2000. The second document type is XHTML 1.1 and is recommended by W3c on 31 May 2001. The third document type is XHTML5 is a standard and it is used for the development of XML adaptation of the HTML5 specification.

XHTML documents have three parts, named as:

  • DOCTYPE: To declare a DTD, DOCTYPE is used.
  • head: To declare the title and other related attributes, the head section is used.
  • body: To provide the content to the web pages, the body is used. It consist of many tags.

It is really important to include a Document Type Definition (DTD) to create an XHTML web page.

DTD are of 3 types:

  • Transitional DTD – Older browsers support this which doesn’t have CSS support.
  • Strict DTD – Used when the XHTML page contains only markup language.
  • Frameset DTD – Used when XHTML pages has frames.

Advantages of XHTML

  • To generate a clean code, XHTML tags have closing tags and they are nested properly.
  • Uses less bandwidth which helps in reducing the cost of the website.
  • Web pages are created in association with CSS.
  • Proper formatting, easy to transport to wireless devices, braille readers and other expert web environments.
  • Future of Web development.

How XHTML differs from HTML?

  • XHTML is the family of XML Markup languages.
  • W3C recommended in 2000.
  • Application of XML.
  • Extended from XML and HTML.

Reference: XHTML



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