Scalar Multiplication of Vector | Linear Algebra using Python

Linear Algebra using Python: Here, we are going to learn how find the scalar multiplication of vectors?
Submitted by Anuj Singh, on May 10, 2020

Prerequisite: Linear Algebra | Defining a Vector

Linear algebra is the branch of mathematics concerning linear equations by using vector spaces and through matrices. In other words, a vector is a matrix in n-dimensional space with only one column. In linear algebra, there are two types of multiplication:

  1. Scalar Multiplication
  2. Cross Multiplication

In a scalar product, each component of the vector is multiplied by the same a scalar value. As a result, the vector’s length is increased by scalar value. 

For example: Let a vector a = [4, 9, 7], this is a 3 dimensional vector (x,y and z)

So, a scalar product will be given as b = c*a

Where c is a constant scalar value (from the set of all real numbers R). The length vector b is c times the length of vector a.

scalar

Python code for Scalar Multiplication of Vector

# Vectors in Linear Algebra Sequnce (5)
# Scalar Multiplication of Vector

def scalar(c, a):
    b = []
    for i in range(len(a)):
        b.append(c*a[i])
    return b    

a = [3, 5, -5, 8] # This is a 4 dimensional vector

print("Vector a = ", a)
c = int(input("Enter the value of scalar multiplier: "))

# The vector b will have the same dimensions 
# but the overall magnitute is c times a
print("Vector (b = c*a) = ", scalar(c, a))

Output

Vector a =  [3, 5, -5, 8]
Enter the value of scalar multiplier: 3
Vector (b = c*a) =  [9, 15, -15, 24]





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