# Ruby program to search an item into the array using interpolation search

Ruby Example: Write a program to search an item into the array using interpolation search.
Submitted by Nidhi, on January 20, 2022

Problem Solution:

In this program, we will create an array of integer elements. Then we will read an item from the user to search into the array using interpolation search and print the index of the item in the array.

The interpolation search is an improved version of binary search. Here we will use the improved formula to calculate the middle element.

Program/Source Code:

The source code to search an item into the array using interpolation search is given below. The given program is compiled and executed successfully.

```# Ruby program to search an item into the array
# using interpolation search

arr = [12,23,39,57,68];

item =   0;
flag =   -1;

first = 0;
last = arr.size() - 1;
middle = first + (((last - first) / (arr[last] - arr[first])) * (item - arr[first]))

print "Enter item: ";
item = gets.chomp.to_i;

while(first<=last)
if(arr[middle]<item)
first=middle + 1;
elsif(arr[middle]==item)
flag=middle;
break;
else
last = middle - 1;
end
middle = first + (((last - first) / (arr[last] - arr[first])) * (item - arr[first]));
end

if(flag>=0)
print "Item found at index: ",flag,"\n";
else
end
```

Output:

```Enter item: 39
Item found at index: 2
```

Explanation:

In the above program, we created an array of integer elements. Then we read an item from the user to search into the sorted array using an interpolation search mechanism. After that, we printed the index of the item in the array, if the item was found. Otherwise, we printed the "Item not found" message.

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