fgetc() function in C language with Example

Here, we are going to learn about the fgetc() function of library header stdio.h in C language with its syntax, example.
Submitted by Souvik Saha, on January 06, 2019

fgetc() function in C


    int fgetc(FILE *filename);


    FILE *filename

Return type: int

Use of function:

In the file handling, through the fgetc() function we take the next character from the input stream and increments the file pointer by one. The prototype of the function fgetc() is: int fgetc(FILE* filename);

It returns an integer value which is conversion of an unsigned char. It also returns EOF which also in turns an integer value.

fgetc() example in C

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main()
    //Initialize the file pointer
    FILE* f;
    char ch;

    //Create the file for write operation
    f = fopen("includehelp.txt", "w");

    printf("Enter five character\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
        //take the characters from the users
        scanf("%c", &ch);
        //write back to the file
        fputc(ch, f);
        //clear the stdin stream buffer

    //close the file after write operation is over

    //open a file
    f = fopen("includehelp.txt", "r");

    printf("File content is--\n");
    printf("\n...............print the strings..............\n\n");
    while (!feof(f)) {
        //takes the characters in the character array
        ch = fgetc(f);
        //and print the characters
        printf("%c\n", ch);


    return 0;


fgetc example in c

C stdio.h Library Functions Programs »


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