# C program to traverse the linked list using recursion

In this tutorial, we will learn how to traverse the linked list using recursion using the C program? By Nidhi Last updated : August 02, 2023

## C program to traverse the linked list using recursion

The source code to traverse the linked list using recursion is given below. The given program is compiled and executed using GCC compile on UBUNTU 18.04 OS successfully.

```// C program to traverse the linked list
// using the recursion

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

//Self referential structure to create node.
typedef struct tmp {
int item;
struct tmp* next;
} Node;

typedef struct
{
Node* tail;

} List;

//Initialize List
void initList(List* lp)
{
lp->tail = NULL;
}

//Create node and return reference of it.
Node* createNode(int item)
{
Node* nNode;

nNode = (Node*)malloc(sizeof(Node));

nNode->item = item;
nNode->next = NULL;

return nNode;
}

//Add new item at the end of list.
{
Node* node;
node = createNode(item);

//if list is empty.
lp->tail = node;
}
else {
lp->tail->next = node;
lp->tail = lp->tail->next;
}
}

//Add new item at begning of the list.
{
Node* node;
node = createNode(item);

//if list is empty.
lp->tail = node;
}
else {
}
}

void TraverseList(Node* node)
{
if (node == NULL)
return;

printf("| %05d |", node->item);
if (node->next != NULL)
printf("--->");

TraverseList(node->next);
}

//Main function to execute program.
int main()
{
List* lp;

lp = (List*)malloc(sizeof(List));

initList(lp);

printf("List:\n");
printf("\n");

return 0;
}
```

## Output

```List:
| 00500 |--->| 00400 |--->| 00300 |--->| 00100 |--->| 00200 |
```

## Explanation

Here, we created a self-referential structure to implement a linked list., a function to add a node at the start and end of the list, a recursive function TraverseList() to traverse and print linked list items.

In the main() function, we created the linked list and traversed the linked list items and printed them.