Home » C++ programs

C++ program to find Last occurrence of a Number using Recursion in an array

Here, we are implementing a C++ program that will find the last occurrence of a number using recursion in an array.
Submitted by Indrajeet Das, on December 09, 2018

Given an array of length N and an integer x, you need to find and return the last index of integer x present in the array. Return -1 if it is not present in the array. Last index means - if x is present multiple times in the array, return the index at which x comes last in the array.

You should start traversing your array from 0, not from (N - 1). Do this recursively. Indexing in the array starts from 0.

Input Format:

  • Line 1 : An Integer N i.e. size of array
  • Line 2 : N integers which are elements of the array, separated by spaces
  • Line 3 : Integer x

Output Format: last index or -1

Constraints: 1 <= N <= 10^3

Example

    Input:
    4
    9 8 10 8
    8

    Output:
    3

Description:

Here, we have to find the last occurrence of x. Therefore, in this example the last occurrence of 8 happens in index 3, and hence the output is 3.

Algorithm:

Step 1: To solve this using recursion, make a recursion function with inputs, and a variable currIndex to traverse the input array.

Step2: Base Case:- If currIndex == size of the input array, return -1, i.e element not found.

Step3: Take input of next recursion call ,withcurrIndex incremented by 1 , in a variable ‘index’.

Step 4:
If(index == -1 && input[currIndex] == x)
Return currIndex
Else
Return index;

C++ Source Code/Function:

#include<bits/stdc++.h>

using namespace std;

int lastIndex(int input[], int size, int x, int currIndex){
    if(currIndex== size){
        return -1;
    }

    int index = lastIndex(input,size,x,currIndex+1);
    
    if(index == -1 && input[currIndex] == x){
        return currIndex;
    }
    else{
        return index;
    }
}

int main(){
    int input[] = {9,8,10,8};
    int x = 8;
    int size = 4;
    cout<<lastIndex(input,size,x,0);

    return 0;
}

Output

3




Comments and Discussions

Ad: Are you a blogger? Join our Blogging forum.



Languages: » C » C++ » C++ STL » Java » Data Structure » C#.Net » Android » Kotlin » SQL
Web Technologies: » PHP » Python » JavaScript » CSS » Ajax » Node.js » Web programming/HTML
Solved programs: » C » C++ » DS » Java » C#
Aptitude que. & ans.: » C » C++ » Java » DBMS
Interview que. & ans.: » C » Embedded C » Java » SEO » HR
CS Subjects: » CS Basics » O.S. » Networks » DBMS » Embedded Systems » Cloud Computing » Machine learning » CS Organizations » Linux » DOS
More: » Articles » Puzzles » News/Updates

© https://www.includehelp.com some rights reserved.