Data Profiling in Data Science

Data Science | Data Profiling: In this tutorial, we are going to learn about the Data Profiling in Data Science, why profile data? how does one profile data? Data profiling challenges.
Submitted by Kartiki Malik, on March 24, 2020

Data Profiling

Data Profiling is a method of examining data from an existing supply and summarizing info this data. Your profile data to work out the accuracy, completeness, and validity of your data. Information identification is in dire straits several reasons, however, it's most typically a part of serving to work out information quality as an element of a bigger project. Commonly, Data Profiling is combined with an ETL (Extract, Transform, and Load) method to maneuver data from one system to a different. Once done properly, ETL and Data Profiling is combined to cleanse, enrich, and move quality information to a target location.

For example, you may need to perform data profiling once migrating from a gift system to a brand new system. Data Profiling will facilitate establish data quality problems that require to be handled within the code after you move data into your new system Or you may need to perform data profiling as you progress data to a data warehouse for business analytics. Typically once data is captive to a data warehouse, ETL tools are accustomed to moving the Data. Data profiling is useful in characteristic what data quality problems should be fastened within the supply, and what data quality problems are fastened throughout the ETL method.

Why profile data?

Data profiling permits you to answer the subsequent questions on your data:

  • Is the data complete? Are there a blank or no values?
  • Is this data unique? How many distinct values are there? Is that the data duplicated?
  • Are there abnormal patterns in your data? What's the distribution of patterns in your data?
  • Are these the patterns I expect?
  • What varies values exist and are they expected? What are the utmost, minimum, and average values for given data? Are these the ranges I expect?

Answering these queries helps you make sure that you're maintaining quality data, that — firms are progressively realizing — is that the cornerstone of a thriving business.

How does one profile data?

Data profiling is performed in several ways that, however, there are roughly 3 base ways accustomed to analyze the info.

Column profiling counts the number of times each price seems among every column during a table. This methodology helps to uncover the patterns among your data.

Cross-column profiling appearance across columns to perform key and dependency analysis. Key analysis scans collections of values during a table to find a possible primary key. Dependency analysis determines the dependent relationships among a data set. Together, these analyses verify the relationships and dependencies among a table.

Cross-table profiling appearance across tables to spot potential foreign keys. It additionally attempts to work out the similarities and variations in syntax and data varieties between tables to determine that data may well be redundant and which could be mapped along.

Rule validation is usually thought of as the ultimate step in data profiling. This can be a proactive step of adding rules that check for the correctness and integrity of the info that's entered into the system.

These different ways could also be performed manually by an analyst, or they'll be performed by a service that will alter these queries.

Data profiling challenges

Data profiling is commonly troublesome because of the sheer volume of data you'll get to profile. This can be very true if you're gazing at a gift system. A gift system might need years of older data with thousands of errors. Consultants advocate that you simply phase your data as a section of your data profiling method so you'll be able to see the forest for the trees.

If you manually perform your data profiling, you should have the skill to run various queries and sift through the results to achieve meaningful insights regarding your data, which might eat up precious resources. Additionally, you may doubtless solely be ready to check a set of your overall data as a result of it's too long to travel through the complete data set.



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