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What is the full form of BPL?

Full form of BPL: Here, we are going to learn about the BPL, full form of BPL, overview, objectives, various full forms of BPL, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on February 02, 2020

BPL: Below Poverty Line / British Physical Laboratories Group

1) BPL: Below Poverty Line

BPL is an abbreviation of the Below Poverty Line. It is an economic standard lay down by the government of India in case of critical requirement of government help to categorize the economically weaker section of people and households. It alludes to threshold revenue. The criteria of the poor or below poverty line people are considered as the people whose income is below the threshold income set by the government. The government introduces a variety of schemes to facilitate the BPL section of the society so that their essential requirements like food, shelter, and clothes could be fulfilled. According to a board lead by C Rangarajan who is a former Reserve Bank Governor, the survey of 2011-12 says that around 30% of the total population of India lived in poverty.

A variety of diverse factors used by the government to recognize the below poverty line (BPL) sections. These factors may differ from state to state and maybe dissimilar for rural and urban areas. Moreover, the different factors and techniques are used in different countries to identify the poverty line.

In 2011, the Suresh Tendulkar Committee defined the poverty line in India. It was defined on the foundation of monthly spending of expenses on food, health, education, transport, and electricity. It is stated by the committee, that a person who expends Rs. 33.3 a day in urban areas and Rs. 27.2 a day in rural areas is living below the poverty line.

Factors to classify BPL

  • Type of house
  • Status of children
  • Consumer durables
  • Food security
  • Clothing
  • Literacy status
  • Landholding
  • Sanitation etc.

2) BPL: British Physical Laboratories Group

BPL is also an abbreviation of British Physical Laboratories Group. It is an Indian electronics company that produces digital and electronics products. Its head office is situated in Bangalore, India. Its subsidiaries comprise BPL Display Devices, Bharat Energy Ventures, and BPL Securities. In consumer resilient market, BPL is a trustworthy brand and its distribution network includes over 7000 channels partners.

The Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of BPL are Ajit G Nambiar from 2016.

BPL full form

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BPL Brief History

  • In 1963, BPL was established in Palakkad, Kerala. It was recognized as a single product company to create high meticulousness panel meters for security applications.
  • In 1967, it began producing electrocardiographs in technical partnership with Fukuda Electric Co, Japan.
  • In 1967, it began the production of Power Line Carrier Communication Equipment.
  • In 1975, it founded its sales and marketing department.
  • In 1982, it came into the consumer electronics market.
  • In 1984, it began manufacturing EPABX and telephone equipment.
  • In 1985, it acknowledged the industrial license to create VCRs in partnership with Sanyo.
  • In 1994, it began producing kitchen appliances.
  • 1n 1995, it introduced mobile telephone services in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala.
  • In 2000, it came into a tactical alliance with Slovenian Manufacturing Company to begin off-shore manufacturing in Europe.
  • In 2001, it founded state-of-art design and development centers for systems and software solutions at BPL Telecom.
  • In 2005, it came into combined business enterprise with Sanyo for CTV manufacturing and its distribution.
  • In July 2015, Flipkart turned into the exclusive online retailer of BPL to sell its products online.


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