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What is the full form of EDGE?

Full form of EDGE: Here, we are going to learn about the EDGE, full form of EDGE, overview, data speed, features, advantages, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on November 25, 2019

EDGE: Enhanced Data Rates for GSM (Global System for Mobile) Evolution

EDGE is an abbreviation of Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution. It is an upgraded model of GSM and provides high speed internet 3G built on GSM. It is used to enable enhanced data communication transaction rates used on GSM network as a category of data system. It can send three times higher bits than GPRR in the same duration of time. EDGE cannot operate solitary; it operates as an "add-on" to GPRS. In 2003, in the United States it was installed on GSM networks by AT&T.

EDGE full form

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Data Speed

The existing frequency recycling strategy without any kind of disturbance successfully takes the place of GSM by EDGE. EDGE gives a speed of 384kbps technically but categorized as 2.75G by corporate sector, which is a lot more than the data rate given by GPRS.

Key Elements added in EDGE

  • 8PSK use: 8PSK gives the benefits to transfer 3 bits per symbol, which is established by changing the format of Modulation.
  • Base station: In the base station, some little changes have been made to through EDGE.
  • Network architecture enhancement: Network architecture provides a transfer rate based on IP, which makes more network components essential also.
  • Mobile stations: It is compulsory to have a GSM EDGE handset to use EDGE services because every single handset can't be enhanced.


  • It gives a high data rate, for e.g. as given by broadband, higher speed on GSM radio conveyors.
  • Re-segmentation is feasible in EDGE, as with more powerful coding, it can retransfer a packet.
  • Up to 2048 in EDGE, packets are identified while from 1 to 128, it identified in GSM.
  • The window size of EDGE comparably is 1024 and the window size of GSM was 64.
  • To retransmit when there is occurring of error, EDGE diminishes the number of bursts.
  • It enables file transfer in multimedia, web browsing and video conferencing by the use of wireless terminals.
  • It allows operators to make three times the rate of data of subscribers and give additional proportions to their communications of voice.
  • As supported by networks of GSM, the radio resources requirement is less to support the similar traffic.


  • Speed: It can raise performance of network by reducing latency.
  • Security: The distributed essence of edge architecture makes it simpler to execute security protocols.
  • Scalability: edge has made it simpler than ever for corporates and businesses to scale their operations.
  • Versatility: The scalability of edge also makes it remarkably versatile.


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