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What is the full form of HTML?

Full form of HTML: Here, we are going to learn about the HTML, its full form, examples, advantages and disadvantages.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on November 21, 2019

HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language

HTML is an abbreviation of Hypertext markup language. Hypertext markup language is a text based standard markup language used to create web pages and design documents which are to be exposed to view in a web browser. It is marked up by put into writing in the form of HTML elements. Hyperlink alludes to a sequence series of joining links in a page to other pages. Markup language means to expound the page layout and elements inside the page by using the tags around the document text. Its primary center of attention is towards how to show information on web pages, i.e. On the internet, the webpages we spot are written using HTML code. HTML documents are elucidated and exposed to view by web browsers. Some popular web browsers are: Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Safari, Internet Explorer etc.

In late 1990s, HTML was originated by Tim Berners-Lee. It was in the beginning launched in 1993. Until then, lots of versions of HTML have been launched. Latest HTML5 version is earning popularity because of its various substantial specifications.

Following are some specifications of HTML5 version,

  • Video: To stream video from a website, the video element enables the users to access it.
  • Figure: Visual content like photos, illustrations, diagrams, etc. are displayed by the aid of the figure element.
  • Section: Webpage content gets organized by the help of section elements, such as div.
  • NAV: That part of a website that is connected to other pages of the website is used by NAV.
  • Header: Introductory elements on a website like a logo, navigation items, search form, etc. are combined by enabling through Header.
  • Footer: It is placed at the lowest part of a webpage. It usually holds copyright information, connections to social media and navigation elements.
HTML full form

Example of HTML document:


    <h1>Write Your First Heading</h1>
    <p>Write Your First Paragraph.</p>



  • It is broadly used language for web pages coding.
  • HTML language is supported by every browser.
  • It is simple to learn and use in creating web pages.
  • A user does not require buying extra software because by default, It's found in every window.
  • A user can combine or merge HTML with CSS, JavaScript, PHP, etc.


  • If a user requires dynamic pages then HTML is not convenient because It can only create static and plain pages.
  • A user requires writing a lot of code for creating simple web pages.
  • In HTML, Security specifications are not up to the mark or satisfactory.
  • If a user requires writing a lengthy code for creating a webpage then it produces some difficulty.

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