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What is the full form of XMPP?

Full form of XMPP: Here, we are going to learn about the XMPP, full form of XMPP, overview, history, advantages, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on November 23, 2019

XMPP: Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol

XMPP is an abbreviation of the Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol. It is an information transmission protocol for real-time communication, which is based on Extensible Markup Language (XML). It keeps up a broad scale of applications comprising presence, multi-party chat, collaboration, instant messaging, etc. It is enabled to continue by XSF, the XMPP Standards Foundation.

XMPP full form

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XMPP


  • In 1998, Jeremie Miller originated the indigenous open instant messaging technology which is known as Jabber. Afterward, by the IETF, Jabber was given a definite structure as the XMPP, an internet standard for messaging and presence.
  • In May 2000, Jabber's version 1.0 was launched. In the same year, Jabber protocols were recognized and generally accepted like XML streaming, messaging, presence, etc. Jabbered 1.2 was launched in October 2000, and to stop address spoofing, the server dial back protocol was established.
  • The Jabber Software Foundation was established in August 2001, to organize and arrange the open-source projects and commercial systems determined by the Jabber technologies.
  • The Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG) officially accepted the establishment of the XMPP Working Group in October 2002. At IETF 55, the first meeting of this group was held in November.
  • The IETF prepared and issued the core XMPP features in 2004 -: RFC 3920 and RFC 3921. It occurred in the extensive espousal of XMPP.
  • Google Talk IM and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) service were introduced over XMPP in August 2005. Afterward, software companies that are very reputed like Apple, Cisco, IBM, etc., began using XMPP in their products. For example, Facebook launched XMPP for its chat messaging in 2010.
  • Jabber Inc. was obtained by Cisco Co in 2008. Afterward, it was reformed by IETF in 2011.


  • Anyone can arrange and organize an XMPP server because it is free and decentralized.
  • XMPP is used as a basis on open standards.
  • Multiple executions of clients and servers are supported by XMPP.
  • XMPP is based on XML; it is pliable and can be prolonged. And for this reason, befitting for both instant messaging specifications and custom cloud services.
  • SASL and TLS support the security of XMPP.
  • XMPP is well organized and can support millions of coinciding users on a single service such as GTalk.
  • XMPP protocols are used to construct and install real-time applications, services of companies and open-source program distribution in numerous fields.
  • XMPP technology is used to develop software by using the source of support and resources diverse, which helps the user to not get trapped in a quandary situation.

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