# C# program to find the sum of each column of the matrix

Here, we are going to learn how to find the sum of each column of the matrix in C#?
Submitted by Nidhi, on November 02, 2020 [Last updated : March 19, 2023]

## Sum of each column of the matrix

Here, we will read a matrix from the user and then find the sum of each column of the matrix and then print the matrix and sum of each column on the console screen.

## C# code to find the sum of each column of the matrix

The source code to find the sum of each column of the matrix is given below. The given program is compiled and executed successfully on Microsoft Visual Studio.

```//C# program to find the sum of each column of the matrix.

using System;

class MatrixDemo
{
public static void Main(string[] args)
{
int i   = 0;
int j   = 0;

int sum = 0;
int row = 2;
int col = 2;

int[,] Matrix = new int[row, col];

Console.Write("Enter the elements of matrix: ");
for (i = 0; i < row; i++)
{
for (j = 0; j < col; j++)
{
}
}

Console.WriteLine("\nMatrix: ");
for (i = 0; i < row; i++)
{
for (j = 0; j < col; j++)
{
Console.Write(Matrix[i, j] + "\t");
}
Console.WriteLine();
}

for (i = 0; i < row; i++)
{
sum = 0;
for (j = 0; j < col; j++)
{
sum += Matrix[j, i];
}
Console.WriteLine("Sum of column[{0}]: {1}", (i + 1), sum);
}
}
}
```

## Output

```Enter the elements of matrix: 1
2
3
4

Matrix:
1       2
3       4
Sum of column[1]: 4
Sum of column[2]: 6
Press any key to continue . . .
```

## Explanation

In the above program, we created a class MatrixDemo that contains a Main() method. The Main() method is the entry point for the program, Here we created a 2-D array to represent a matrix.

```Console.Write("Enter the elements of matrix: ");
for (i = 0; i < row; i++)
{
for (j = 0; j < col; j++)
{
}
}
Console.WriteLine("\nMatrix: ");
for (i = 0; i < row; i++)
{
for (j = 0; j < col; j++)
{
Console.Write(Matrix[i, j] + "\t");
}
Console.WriteLine();
}
```

In the above code, we read the elements of matrix and print the matrix on the console screen.

```for (i = 0; i < row; i++)
{
sum = 0;
for (j = 0; j < col; j++)
{
sum += Matrix[j, i];
}
Console.WriteLine("Sum of column[{0}]: {1}", (i + 1), sum);
}
```

Here we calculated the sum of each column of the matrix and then print the sum of each column on the matrix on the console screen.