C# - NullReferenceException Exception Example

Learn about the NullReferenceException and demonstrating the example of NullReferenceException in C#. By Nidhi Last updated : April 03, 2023

NullReferenceException Exception

Here, we are demonstrating the null reference exception. We will call a method by a reference that contains a null value. Then exceptions will be generated by the program.

C# program to demonstrate the NullReferenceException

The source code to demonstrate the null reference exception is given below. The given program is compiled and executed successfully on Microsoft Visual Studio.

//C# program to demonstrate the null reference exception.

using System;

class ExceptionDemo
    void PrintHello()
        Console.WriteLine("Hello World");
    static void Main()
            ExceptionDemo E = new ExceptionDemo();

            E = null;
        catch (NullReferenceException e)


Object reference not set to an instance of an object.
Press any key to continue . . .


In the above program, we created a class ExceptionDemo that contains two methods PrintHello() and Main(). The PrintHello() message will print "Hello World" on the console screen.

In the Main() method, we created an object E in the "try" block. Then we assigned the value "null" to the reference E and then call PrintHello() method with a null reference. That's why the NullReferenceException exception gets generated and caught by the "catch"  block that will print the exception message on the console screen.

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