Java find output programs (Overriding) | set 3

Find the output of Java programs | Overriding | Set 3: Enhance the knowledge of Java Overriding concepts by solving and finding the output of some Java programs.
Submitted by Nidhi, on February 04, 2021

Question 1:

abstract class Base
{
    abstract void fun1();
    void fun2()
    {
        System.out.println("Base.fun1() called");
    }
}

class Derived extends Base
{
    @Override
    public void fun1()
    {
        System.out.println("Derived.fun1() called");
    }
}

public class MethodOver
{
    public static void main(String []args)
    {
        Base B = new Base();
        B.fun2();
    }
}

Output:

/MethodOver.java:3: error: missing method body, or declare abstract
    public void fun();
                ^
1 error

Explanation:

The above program will generate syntax error because we cannot create an object of abstract class in Java.

Question 2:

abstract class Base
{
    abstract void fun1();
    void fun2()
    {
        System.out.println("Base.fun2() called");
    }
}

class Derived extends Base
{
    @Override
    public void fun1()
    {
        System.out.println("Derived.fun1() called");
    }
}

public class MethodOver
{
    public static void main(String []args)
    {
        Derived D = new Derived();
        D.fun1();
    }
}

Output:

Derived.fun1() called

Explanation:

In the above program, we created an abstract class Base and a Derived class, the Base class contains an abstract method fun1() and non-abstract method fun2() and then we override the fun1() method in the Derived class.

Now look to the main() method,

Derived D = new Derived();
D.fun1();

Here, we created object D of Derived class and then called fun1() method, which will print "Derived.fun1() called" on the console screen.

Question 3:

abstract class Base
{
    abstract void fun1();
    void fun2()
    {
        System.out.println("Base.fun2() called");
    }
}

class Derived extends Base
{
    @Override
    public void fun1()
    {
        System.out.println("Derived.fun1() called");
    }
}

public class MethodOver
{
    public static void main(String []args)
    {
        Derived D = new Derived();
        D.fun2();
    }
}

Output:

Base.fun2() called

Explanation:

In the above program, we created an abstract class Base and a Derived class, the Base class contains an abstract method fun1() and non-abstract method fun2() and then we override the fun1() method in the Derived class.

Now look to the main() method,

Derived D = new Derived();
D.fun2();

Here, we created object D of Derived class and then called fun2() method, which will print "Derived.fun2() called" on the console screen.

Question 4:

abstract class Base
{
    abstract void fun1();
    abstract void fun2()
    {
        System.out.println("Base.fun2() called");
    }
}

class Derived extends Base
{
    @Override
    public void fun1()
    {
        System.out.println("Derived.fun1() called");
    }
    
    @Override
    public void fun2()
    {
        System.out.println("Derived.fun2() called");
    }
}

public class MethodOver
{
    public static void main(String []args)
    {
        Base D = new Derived();
        D.fun2();
    }
}

Output:

/MethodOver.java:4: error: abstract methods cannot have a body
    abstract void fun2()
                  ^
1 error

Explanation:

The above program will generate syntax errors because here we defined abstract method fun2() in Base class. But we cannot define the body of the abstract class in Java.

Question 5:

abstract class Base
{
    abstract void fun();
}

class Derived extends Base
{
    @Override
    public void fun()
    {
        System.out.println("Derived.fun() called");
    }
}

public class MethodOver
{
    public static void main(String []args)
    {
        new Derived().fun();
    }
}

Output:

Derived.fun() called

Explanation:

In the above program, we created an abstract class Base and a Derived class, the Base class contains an abstract method fun() and then we override fun() method in the Derived class.

Now look to the main() method,

new Derived().fun();

Here, we created the anonymous object of the Derived class and then called the fun() method that will print "Derived.fun() called" on the console screen.





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