Pandas: Flatten a dataframe to a list

Learn, how to flatten a dataframe to a list in Pandas? By Pranit Sharma Last updated : October 06, 2023

Pandas is a special tool that allows us to perform complex manipulations of data effectively and efficiently. Inside pandas, we mostly deal with a dataset in the form of DataFrame. DataFrames are 2-dimensional data structures in pandas. DataFrames consist of rows, columns, and data.

Problem statement

Suppose that we are given a dataframe and we need to flatten this dataframe in such a way that all of its columns become a single list.

Flattening a dataframe to a list

For this purpose, we can use flatten() on the DataFrame converted to a NumPy array. This method returns a copy of the array collapsed into one dimension.

The syntax of flatten() method is:


Let us understand with the help of an example,

Python program to flatten a dataframe to a list in pandas

# Import numpy
import numpy as np

# Importing pandas package
import pandas as pd

# Creating dictionary
d = {

# Creating dataframe
df = pd.DataFrame(d)

# Display original dataframe
print("Original dataframe:\n",df)

# Flattening the df
res = df.to_numpy().flatten()

# Display result


The output of the above program is:

Example: Pandas: Flatten a dataframe to a list

Python Pandas Programs »

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