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What is the full form of CID?

Full form of CID: Here, we are going to learn about the CID, full form of CID, overview, working of CID, CID eligibility criteria, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on February 04, 2020

CID: Crime Investigation Department

CID is an abbreviation of the Crime Investigation Department. It is an investigation subdivision branch of the crime of the Indian State Police. It is one of the highly significant units of the police department and is lead by the Additional Director General of Police (ADGP). Its head office is situated in Pune and it investigates particular cases hand over by the Govt. of India and DGP (Director General of Police). In 1902, it was created by the British government to preserve law and order in the country, on the reference of Commission of Police. The officers who generally work in basic clothes in the department of Police have their ranks according to their position. These officers are recognized as Detectives or CID officers.

In 1929, this department of Police was divided into special Branches, CID and Crime Branch CID (CB-CID). CB-CID is a special department in the CID which lead by the Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) and assisted by the Inspector General of Police (IGP). This division investigates solemn crimes comprising murder, riot, forgery, counterfeiting and cases hand over by the state government or the High Court.

CID full form

Image source: https://cid.appolice.gov.in/

A number of branches in the CID are,

  • CB-CID
  • Anti-Narcotics Cell
  • Anti-Terrorism Wing
  • Anti-Human Trafficking & Missing Person cell
  • Finger Print Bureau
  • Bank Frauds
  • Dog Squad
  • Human Rights Department

The ranks of officers' in CID are,

  • Sub- Inspectors
  • Inspectors
  • Superintendents
  • Additional Director General of Police
  • Inspector-General of Police (IGP), etc.

Working of CID

The most important duty of CID is to investigate criminal cases like rape, murder, theft, robbery, etc. It collects facts, evidence for criminal cases and frauds and catches criminals and lastly with proof presents the accused in the Court.

CID Eligibility Criteria

  • The candidate should be a citizen of India.
  • The least qualification necessary for a candidate to join CID as a Sub Inspector or an officer is graduation from a renowned university.
  • Nevertheless, to join CID as a constable, the least qualification necessary is the 12th or Higher Secondary Certificate.
  • It is also necessary that a candidate has to pass the Indian Civil Services examination.
  • Besides, the candidate must have an outstanding memory, sharp eyes, good judgment of character, ability to operate in a team as well as single-handedly.

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