C# program to check the matrix is an identity matrix or not

Here, we are going to learn how to check the matrix is an identity matrix or not in C#?
Submitted by Nidhi, on November 02, 2020

Here, we will read a matrix from the user and then check the input matrix is an identity matrix or not.

Program:

The source code to check the matrix is an identity matrix or not, is given below. The given program is compiled and executed successfully on Microsoft Visual Studio.

//C# program to check the matrix is an identity matrix or not.

using System;

class MatrixDemo
{
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        int i = 0;
        int j = 0;

        int order = 0;
        int isIdentity = 0;

        int[,] Matrix= new int[5, 5];

        Console.Write("Enter the order for matrix: ");
        order = int.Parse(Console.ReadLine());

        Console.Write("Enter the elements of matrix: ");
        for (i = 0; i < order; i++)
        {
            for (j = 0; j < order; j++)
            {
                Matrix[i, j] = int.Parse(Console.ReadLine());
            }
        }
        
        Console.WriteLine("\nMatrix: ");
        for (i = 0; i < order; i++)
        {
            for (j = 0; j < order; j++)
            {
                Console.Write(Matrix[i, j] + "\t");

            }
            Console.WriteLine();
        }

        for (i = 0; i < order; i++)
        {
            for (j = 0; j < order; j++)
            {
                if ((i == j && Matrix[i, j] != 1) || (i != j && Matrix[i, j] != 0))
                {
                    isIdentity = 1;
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        if(isIdentity==1)
            Console.WriteLine("Matrix is not an identity matrix"); 
        else
            Console.WriteLine("Matrix is an identity matrix");
    }
}

Output:

Enter the order for matrix: 2
Enter the elements of matrix: 1
0
0
1

Matrix:
1       0
0       1
Matrix is an identity matrix
Press any key to continue . . .

Explanation:

In the above program, we created a class MatrixDemo that contains a Main() method. The Main() method is the entry point for the program, Here, we created a 2-D array to represent a matrix. Then read the order for matrix.

Console.Write("Enter the elements of matrix: ");
for (i = 0; i < order; i++)
{
    for (j = 0; j < order; j++)
    {
        Matrix[i, j] = int.Parse(Console.ReadLine());
    }
}
Console.WriteLine("\nMatrix: ");
for (i = 0; i < order; i++)
{
    for (j = 0; j < order; j++)
    {
        Console.Write(Matrix[i, j] + "\t");

    }
    Console.WriteLine();
}

Here, we read the elements of the matrix from the user and then printed the matrix on the console screen.

for (i = 0; i < order; i++)
{
    for (j = 0; j < order; j++)
    {
        if ((i == j && Matrix[i, j] != 1) || (i != j && Matrix[i, j] != 0))
        {
            isIdentity = 1;
            break;
        }
    }
}

if(isIdentity==1)
    Console.WriteLine("Matrix is not an identity matrix"); 
else
    Console.WriteLine("Matrix is an identity matrix");

In the above code, we wrote code to check the input matrix is an identity matrix or not. If the value of the "isIdentity" variable is assigned to 1, it means the input matrix is not an identity matrix.

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