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Java SecurityManager checkConnect() method with example

SecurityManager Class checkConnect() method: Here, we are going to learn about the checkConnect() method of SecurityManager Class with its syntax and example.
Submitted by Preeti Jain, on December 14, 2019

Syntax:

    public void checkConnect(String host_add, int port_no);
    public void checkConnect(String host_add, int port_no, Object cntxt);

SecurityManager Class checkConnect() method

  • checkConnect() method is available in java.lang package.
  • checkConnect(String host_add, int port_no) method is called checkPermission with SocketPermission(host ":" + port_no,"connect") if and only if when port_no is not equal to -1 otherwise it calls checkPermission with SocketPermission(host_add,"resolve") if and only if port_no is equal to 1.
  • checkConnect(String host_add, int port_no, Object cntxt) method is calls checkPermission with SocketPermission(host ":" + port_no,"connect") if and only when port_no is not equal to -1 and cntxt parameter is an instance of AccessControlContext otherwise it calls checkPermission with SocketPermission(host_add,"resolve") if and only if when port_no is equal to -1 and cntxt parameter is an instance of AccessControlContext.
  • checkConnect(String host_add, int port_no), checkConnect(String host_add, int port_no, Object cntxt) methods may throw an exception at the time of checking connection.
    • SecurityException: checkConnect(String host_add, int port_no) - This exception may throw when the calling thread does not have the authority to open a socket connection to the given host and port_no.
    • SecurityException: checkConnect(String host_add, int port_no, Object cntxt) - This exception may throw when the given cntxt (context) does not have authority to open a socket connection to the given host and port_no.
  • These methods are non-static methods, it is accessible with the class object only and, if we try to access these methods with the class name then we will get an error.

Parameter(s):

  • In the first case, "String host_add, int port_no"
    String host_add - This parameter represents the host to connect to protocol.
    int port_no – This parameter represents the port number to connect to.
  • In the second case, "String host_add, int port_no, Object cntxt"
    String host_add – Similar as defined in the first case.
    int port_no - Similar as defined in the second case.
    Object cntxt – This parameter represents the system-specific security context.

Return value:

The return type of this method is void, it returns nothing.

Example:

// Java program to demonstrate the example 
// of checkConnect () method of SecurityManager class

import java.security.*;

public class CheckConnect {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String host_add = "www.includehelp.com";
        int port_no = 8080;

        AccessControlContext cntxt = AccessController.getContext();

        // By using setProperty() method is to set the policy property 
        // with security manager
        System.setProperty("java.security.policy", "file:/C:/java.policy");

        // Instantiating a SecurityManager object
        SecurityManager smgr = new SecurityManager();

        // By using setSecurityManager() method is to set the
        // security manager
        System.setSecurityManager(smgr);

        // By using checkConnect(host_add,port_no) method is to //check that
        // connection is enabled or not
        smgr.checkConnect(host_add, port_no);

        // By using checkConnect(host_add,port_no,cntxt) method is //to check that
        // connection is enabled or not or when cntxt is an instance of 
        // AccessControlContext
        smgr.checkConnect(host_add, port_no, cntxt);

        // Display the message when connection is enabled
        System.out.println("Accepted..");
    }
}

Output

Exception in thread "main" java.security.AccessControlException: access denied ("java.net.SocketPermission" "www.includehelp.com:8080" "connect,resolve")
	at java.base/java.security.AccessControlContext.checkPermission(AccessControlContext.java:472)
	at java.base/java.security.AccessController.checkPermission(AccessController.java:897)
	at java.base/java.lang.SecurityManager.checkPermission(SecurityManager.java:322)
	at java.base/java.lang.SecurityManager.checkConnect(SecurityManager.java:824)
	at CheckConnect.main(CheckConnect.java:26)





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