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Java StreamTokenizer nextToken() Method with Example

StreamTokenizer Class nextToken() method: Here, we are going to learn about the nextToken() method of StreamTokenizer Class with its syntax and example.
Submitted by Preeti Jain, on April 21, 2020

StreamTokenizer Class nextToken() method

  • nextToken() method is available in java.io package.
  • nextToken() method is used to parse the next token from the input stream of this StreamTokenizer and the type of the next token is returned in the ttype field.
  • nextToken() method is a non-static method, it is accessible with the class object only and if we try to access the method with the class name then we will get an error.
  • nextToken() method may throw an exception at the time of returning next token.
    IOException: This exception may throw when getting any input/output error while performing.

Syntax:

    Public int nextToken();

Parameter(s):

  • It does not accept any parameter.

Return value:

The return type of the method is int, it gets the value of ttype field (i.e. type of the next token).

Example:

// Java program to demonstrate the example 
// of int nextToken() method of StreamTokenizer

import java.io.*;

public class NextToken {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String str = "Hi, This is a mathematical expression : \n" +
            " 2 * 4 = 8" + "8 + 5 = 13";

        try {
            // Instantiates FileOutputStream  and ObjectOutputStream 
            FileOutputStream fos_stm = new FileOutputStream("D:\\includehelp.txt");
            ObjectOutputStream obj_out_stm = new ObjectOutputStream(fos_stm);

            // By using writeUTF() method is to
            // write the given string in the file
            obj_out_stm.writeUTF(str);
            obj_out_stm.flush();

            // Instantiates FileOutputStream  and ObjectOutputStream 
            ObjectInputStream obj_in_stm = new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream("D:\\includehelp.txt"));

            // Instantiates StreamTokenizer and Reader
            Reader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(obj_in_stm));
            StreamTokenizer st = new StreamTokenizer(reader);

            // Here, we are considering initially 
            // file is not empty
            boolean end_of_file = false;

            while (!end_of_file) {
                // By using nextToken() method is to
                // parse the next token from the stream
                int token = st.nextToken();

                switch (token) {
                    case StreamTokenizer.TT_EOF:
                        System.out.println("End of File Found");
                        end_of_file = true;
                        break;

                    case StreamTokenizer.TT_EOL:
                        System.out.println("End of Line Found");
                        break;

                    case StreamTokenizer.TT_WORD:
                        System.out.println("word: " + st.sval);
                        break;

                    case StreamTokenizer.TT_NUMBER:
                        System.out.println("number: " + st.nval);
                        break;

                    default:
                        System.out.println((char) token + " Found.");
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Output

= Found.
word: Hi
, Found.
word: This
word: is
word: a
word: mathematical
word: expression
: Found.
number: 2.0
* Found.
number: 4.0
= Found.
number: 88.0
+ Found.
number: 5.0
= Found.
number: 13.0
End of File Found






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