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Java StreamTokenizer whitespaceChars() Method with Example

StreamTokenizer Class whitespaceChars() method: Here, we are going to learn about the whitespaceChars() method of StreamTokenizer Class with its syntax and example.
Submitted by Preeti Jain, on April 23, 2020

StreamTokenizer Class whitespaceChars() method

  • whitespaceChars() method is available in java.io package.
  • whitespaceChars() method is used to denotes that all the characters lies in the given range(st[start], en[end]) are whitespace characters. Whitespace characters serve only to separate tokens in the input stream.
  • whitespaceChars() method accepts two parameters and both parameters are of “int” type.
  • whitespaceChars() method does not throw an exception at the time of representing whitespace characters.

Syntax:

    public void whitespaceChars(int st, int en);

Parameter(s):

  • int st – represents the starting endpoint of the given range.
  • int en – represents the ending endpoint of the given range.

Return value:

The return type of the method is void, it returns nothing.

Example:

// Java program to demonstrate the example 
// of void whitespaceChars(int st, int en) method
// of StreamTokenizer

import java.io.*;

public class WhiteSpaceChars {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String str = "Hi, This is \n a mathematical expression :\n " +
            " 2 * 4 = 8 " + "8 + 5 = 13";

        try {
            // Instantiates FileOutputStream  and ObjectOutputStream 
            FileOutputStream fos_stm = new FileOutputStream("D:\\includehelp.txt");
            ObjectOutputStream obj_out_stm = new ObjectOutputStream(fos_stm);

            // By using writeUTF() method is to
            // write the given string in the file
            obj_out_stm.writeUTF(str);
            obj_out_stm.flush();

            // Instantiates FileOutputStream  and ObjectOutputStream 
            ObjectInputStream obj_in_stm = new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream("D:\\includehelp.txt"));

            // Instantiates StreamTokenizer and Reader
            Reader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(obj_in_stm));
            StreamTokenizer st = new StreamTokenizer(reader);

            // By using whitespaceChars() method is to
            // represent all the chars lies in between 
            // (e,s) are whitespace chars
            st.whitespaceChars('e', 's');


            // Here, we are considering initially 
            // file is not empty
            boolean end_of_file = false;

            while (!end_of_file) {
                // By using nextToken() method is to
                // parse the next token from the stream
                int token = st.nextToken();

                switch (token) {
                    case StreamTokenizer.TT_EOF:
                        System.out.println("End of File Found");
                        end_of_file = true;
                        break;

                    case StreamTokenizer.TT_EOL:
                        System.out.println("End of Line Found");
                        break;

                    case StreamTokenizer.TT_WORD:
                        System.out.println("word: " + st.sval);
                        break;

                    case StreamTokenizer.TT_NUMBER:
                        System.out.println("number: " + st.nval);
                        break;

                    default:
                        System.out.println((char) token + " Found.");
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Output

@ Found.
word: H
, Found.
word: T
word: a
word: at
word: at
word: ca
word: x
: Found.
number: 2.0
* Found.
number: 4.0
= Found.
number: 8.0
number: 8.0
+ Found.
number: 5.0
= Found.
number: 13.0
End of File Found





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