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Java TreeMap lowerEntry() Method with Example

TreeMap Class lowerEntry() method: Here, we are going to learn about the lowerEntry() method of TreeMap Class with its syntax and example.
Submitted by Preeti Jain, on February 29, 2020

TreeMap Class lowerEntry() method

  • lowerEntry() method is available in java.util package.
  • lowerEntry() method is used to return the entry linked with the largest key element value lower than the given key element (key_ele).
  • lowerEntry() method is a non-static method, it is accessible with the class object only and if we try to access the method with the class name then we will get an error.
  • lowerEntry() method may throw an exception at the time of returning lower entry.
    • ClassCastException: This exception may throw when the given parameter is incompatible to compare with.
    • NullPointerException: This exception may throw when the given element is null exists.


    public Map.Entry lowerEntry(Key key_ele);


  • Key key_ele – represents the key element is to be tested.

Return value:

The return type of the method is Map.Entry, it retrieves an entry with the largest key element value less than the given key element (key_ele) otherwise it returns null.


// Java program to demonstrate the example 
// of Map.Entry lowerEntry(Key key_ele) 
// method of TreeMap 

import java.util.*;

public class LowerEntryOfTreeMap {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Instantiates TreeMap
        TreeMap < Integer, String > tm = new TreeMap < Integer, String > ();

        // By using put() method is
        // to put the key-value pairs in
        // treemap tm
        tm.put(1, "C");
        tm.put(4, "C++");
        tm.put(3, "Java");
        tm.put(2, "Php");

        // Display TreeMap tm
        System.out.println("tm: " + tm);

        // By using lowerEntry(4) method is
        // used to return the key-value linked with the
        // greatest key element lower than the given key
        // element i.e. 3 "Java"
        // Display Returned Key-Value Element
        System.out.println("tm.lowerEntry(): " + tm.lowerEntry(4));


tm: {1=C, 2=Php, 3=Java, 4=C++}
tm.lowerEntry(): 3=Java


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