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GroupBy pandas DataFrame and select most common value

Given a Pandas DataFrame, we have to make its column headers all lowercase.
Submitted by Pranit Sharma, on June 22, 2022

Pandas is a special tool that allows us to perform complex manipulations of data effectively and efficiently. Inside pandas, we mostly deal with a dataset in the form of DataFrame. DataFrames are 2-dimensional data structures in Pandas. DataFrames consist of rows, columns, and the data.

To groupby and select the most common value of a column from a pandas DataFrame, we will use the groupby() method.

pandas.DataFrame.groupby() method

On the other hand, groupby() is a simple but very useful concept in pandas. By using groupby, we can create a grouping of certain values and perform some operations on those values.

The groupby() method split the object, apply some operations, and then combines them to create a group hence a large amount of data and computations can be performed on these groups. After groupby(), we will use agg() method to select the most common value.

Syntax:

DataFrame.groupby(
    by=None, 
    axis=0, 
    level=None, 
    as_index=True, 
    sort=True, 
    group_keys=True, 
    squeeze=NoDefault.no_default, 
    observed=False, 
    dropna=True
    )

To work with pandas, we need to import pandas package first, below is the syntax:

import pandas as pd

Let us understand with the help of an example,

Python code to GroupBy pandas DataFrame and select most common value

# Importing pandas package
import pandas as pd

# Creating a dictionary
d = {
    'Nation' : ['India', 'India', 'SriLanka','Sri Lanka','South-Africa'],
        'Sport' : ['Cricket', 'Cricket','Cricket','Cricket','Cricket',],
        'Short name' : ['Ind','Ind','SL','SL','SA']
}

# Creating a DataFrame
df = pd.DataFrame(d)

# Display DataFrame
print("Created DataFrame:\n",df,"\n")

# Selecting most common value
result = df.groupby(['Nation','Sport'])['Short name'].agg(pd.Series.mode).to_frame()

# Display result
print("Result:\n",result)

Output:

Example: GroupBy pandas DataFrame

Python Pandas Programs »



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