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Copyrights, Copylefts and Patents | Free and open-source software

In this article, we are going to learn about Copyrights, Copylefts and Patents and what are the differences between them.
Submitted by Monika Sharma, on February 17, 2020

Let's understand Copyright and Copyleft with the help of a difference table,

Copyrights gives author the authenticity of their developed work. Copyleft is all about the freedom to the user.
The author can legally sue anyone who uses his/her copyright content w/o proper permissions and creditability. The author cannot legally sue anyone for copyleft content.
Copyright helps author to maintain the creditability also helps in the monetization of the work. Copyleft is all about the rights of the user.
Copyright can be understood as; Total restriction on the usage of the work. Copyleft poses partial restrictions on the work.
No derivative works out of copyright contents are allowed w/o permission. Derivative works out of copyleft contents are allowed w/o permission.
Copyrights can never be free; you have to pay in order to use it. Copyleft contents and works can be free or paid depending upon the decision of the author.


A patent is a type of protected innovation that gives its proprietor the lawful right to reject others from making, utilizing, selling, and bringing in creation for a constrained period in years, in return for distributing an empowering open exposure of the development.

  • Patents give the right to the developer to chose the user of his invention.
  • Patents are done to maintain the uniqueness of the concept.
  • Patents can also be understood as a license that gives the sole right to exclude others from making, using or selling an invention w/o consent.

Types of Patent

On functionality On appearance On Usage

Brief about Indian Patent System

The first enactment in India while identifying with patents was Act VI of 1856. The target of this enactment was to support creations of new and helpful fabricates and to prompt creators to reveal the mystery of their developments. The Act was in this manner revoked by Act IX of 1857 since it had been authorized without the endorsement of the British Crown. New enactment for conceding 'selective benefits' was presented in 1 859 as Act XV of 1859. This enactment contained certain alterations of the previous enactment, to be specific, the award of selective benefits to helpful creations just and expansion of need period from a half year to a year.

This Act prohibited shippers from the meaning of the creator. This Act depended on the United Kingdom Act of 1852 with specific takeoffs that incorporate permitting appointees to make an application in India and taking earlier open use or distribution in India or the United Kingdom to learn curiosity.

In 1872, the Act of 1859 was solidified to give assurance identifying with structures. It was renamed as "The Patterns and Designs Protection Act" under Act XIII of 1872. The Act of 1872 was additionally corrected in 1883 (XVI of 1883) to acquaint an arrangement with ensuring the oddity of the creation, which preceding making application for their assurance was revealed in the Exhibition of India. An elegance time of a half year was accommodated recording such applications after the date of the opening of such Exhibition.

This Act stayed in power for around 30 years with no change yet in the year 1883, certain alterations in the patent law were made in the United Kingdom and it was viewed as that those adjustments ought to likewise be fused in the Indian law. In 1888, an Act was acquainted with solidifying and alter the law identifying with development and structures in similarity with the alterations made in the U.K. law.

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