Odisha State GK MCQs and Answers

By Muskan Bhadana Last updated : December 08, 2023

Introduction

Odisha, located on the eastern coast of India, is a state known for its rich cultural heritage, historical significance, and natural beauty. Here’s an introduction to Odisha:

  • Capital: Bhubaneswar
  • Largest City: Bhubaneswar
  • Official Language: Odia
  • Formation: Odisha became a separate state on April 1, 1936.
  • Geography: Odisha is characterised by a diverse landscape that includes a long coastline along the Bay of Bengal, fertile plains, hills, and dense forests. The state is home to the Eastern Ghats.
  • Historical Significance: Odisha has a rich historical legacy, with archaeological sites like the ancient city of Sisupalgarh and the rock edicts of Emperor Ashoka in Dhauli. The state was a major center of Buddhism and Jainism in ancient times.
  • Cultural Heritage: Odisha is renowned for its classical dance forms, particularly Odissi, which has a deep connection with the state's religious traditions. The Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra is one of the most famous and grand chariot festivals in the world.
  • Temples: The state is home to a plethora of temples, with the Jagannath Temple in Puri, the Lingaraj Temple in Bhubaneswar, and the Sun Temple in Konark being major pilgrimage sites and architectural marvels.
  • Art and Crafts: Odisha is known for its intricate handicrafts, including Pattachitra (scroll paintings), stone and wood carvings, appliqué work, and silver filigree work.
  • Wildlife: Odisha boasts diverse flora and fauna. Simlipal National Park, Bhitarkanika National Park, and Chilika Lake, Asia's largest brackish water lagoon, are important wildlife and biodiversity hotspots.
  • Economy: The economy of Odisha is primarily based on agriculture, mining, and industries. The state is rich in mineral resources and is a significant contributor to India's industrial sector.
  • Festivals: Apart from Rath Yatra, Odisha celebrates various festivals with fervor , including Durga Puja, Diwali, and the unique Odia New Year known as "Pana Sankranti" or "Maha Vishuba Sankranti."
  • Language and Literature: Odia, an Indo-Aryan language, is the official language of the state. Odisha has a rich literary tradition, with poets like Sarala Das contributing to the Odia literature.
  • Tourist Attractions: In addition to temples and historical sites, Odisha has beautiful beaches, scenic landscapes, and tribal villages. The Sun Temple at Konark, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a major attraction.
  • Education and Research: The state is home to prominent educational institutions, including the Utkal University and the National Institute of Technology (NIT) Rourkela. Bhubaneswar has emerged as an educational and IT hub.

Odisha's cultural diversity, historical landmarks, and natural beautiful make it a fascinating and vibrant state in India.

Odisha State GK MCQs

Explore general knowledge multiple choice questions and answers on Odisha state. Practice these Odisha State MCQs to learn and enhance your general knowledge skills about the Odisha State.

1. What is the capital city of Odisha?

  1. Cuttack
  2. Puri
  3. Bhubaneswar
  4. Rourkela

Answer & Explanation Discuss

2. Which festival involves the grand chariot procession of deities Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra in Puri?

  1. Diwali
  2. Holi
  3. Rath Yatra
  4. Durga Puja

Answer & Explanation Discuss

3. What is the name of the famous temple in Bhubaneswar dedicated to Lord Shiva and known for its unique architecture?

  1. Lingaraj Temple
  2. Jagannath Temple
  3. Konark Sun Temple
  4. Mukteshwar Temple

Answer & Explanation Discuss

4. Which river forms the largest brackish water lagoon in Asia, known as Chilika Lake?

  1. Brahmani
  2. Mahanadi
  3. Subarnarekha
  4. Rushikulya

Answer & Explanation Discuss

5. The famous Sun Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in which town of Odisha?

  1. Puri
  2. Konark
  3. Cuttack
  4. Bhubaneswar

Answer & Explanation Discuss

6. Which dance form, with graceful poses and expressions, originated in the temples of Odisha and is considered a classical dance style?

  1. Bharatanatyam
  2. Kathak
  3. Odissi
  4. Kuchipudi

Answer & Explanation Discuss

7. The Bhitarkanika National Park in Odisha is known for the conservation of which species?

  1. Bengal Tiger
  2. Olive Ridley Turtles
  3. Indian Elephant
  4. Asiatic Lion

Answer & Explanation Discuss

8. The Utkal University, one of the oldest universities in India, is located in which city of Odisha?

  1. Cuttack
  2. Puri
  3. Bhubaneswar
  4. Rourkela

Answer & Explanation Discuss

9. Which traditional Odia festival marks the Odia New Year and is celebrated with the consumption of a special drink called 'Pana'?

  1. Rath Yatra
  2. Nuakhai
  3. Durga Puja
  4. Makar Sankranti

Answer & Explanation Discuss

10. The Simlipal National Park, known for its biodiversity, is situated in which mountain range in Odisha?

  1. Western Ghats
  2. Eastern Ghats
  3. Satpura Range
  4. Vindhya Range

Answer & Explanation Discuss

11. Which historical figure is associated with the rock edicts at Dhauli in Odisha?

  1. Emperor Ashoka
  2. King Harsha
  3. Emperor Kanishka
  4. King Kharavela

Answer & Explanation Discuss

12. The ancient city of Sisupalgarh, near Bhubaneswar, is believed to date back to which period?

  1. Mauryan Period
  2. Gupta Period
  3. Harappan Period
  4. Chola Period

Answer & Explanation Discuss

13. Which river is known as the 'Adi Ganga' in Odisha and is considered sacred in Hindu mythology?

  1. Brahmani
  2. Mahanadi
  3. Subarnarekha
  4. Rushikulya

Answer & Explanation Discuss

14. The Konark Sun Temple is designed in the shape of a chariot and is dedicated to which solar deity?

  1. Surya
  2. Savitar
  3. Aruna
  4. Mitra

Answer & Explanation Discuss

15. Which coastal district of Odisha is known for the annual mass nesting of Olive Ridley Turtles?

  1. Puri
  2. Kendrapara
  3. Balasore
  4. Ganjam

Answer & Explanation Discuss

16. The 'Nandankanan Zoological Park' in Odisha is famous for its conservation efforts related to which species?

  1. Bengal Tiger
  2. White Tiger
  3. Indian Rhinoceros
  4. Asiatic Lion

Answer & Explanation Discuss

17. The 'Jagannath Sadak' connects Puri with which major city in Odisha?

  1. Cuttack
  2. Bhubaneswar
  3. Rourkela
  4. Sambalpur

Answer & Explanation Discuss

18. Which dance form of Odisha is characterized by fluid movements, sculpturesque poses, and expressions inspired by temple sculptures?

  1. Odissi
  2. Chhau
  3. Gotipua
  4. Mahari

Answer & Explanation Discuss

19. The 'Hirakud Dam', one of the longest dams in the world, is built across which river in Odisha?

  1. Mahanadi
  2. Brahmani
  3. Subarnarekha
  4. Rushikulya

Answer & Explanation Discuss

20. The 'Raghurajpur Crafts Village' in Odisha is known for which traditional art form?

  1. Pattachitra
  2. Dhokra
  3. Ikat Weaving
  4. Saura Painting

Answer & Explanation Discuss

21. What is the main theme depicted on the chariot of Goddess Subhadra during the Rath Yatra in Puri?

  1. Agriculture
  2. Wisdom and Learning
  3. Love and Devotion
  4. Art and Culture

Answer & Explanation Discuss

22. The ancient Buddhist site 'Ratnagiri' is located in which district of Odisha?

  1. Cuttack
  2. Dhenkanal
  3. Jajpur
  4. Ganjam

Answer & Explanation Discuss

23. The 'Biju Patnaik International Airport' serves which major city in Odisha?

  1. Cuttack
  2. Bhubaneswar
  3. Puri
  4. Rourkela

Answer & Explanation Discuss

24. Which beach in Odisha is known for its annual international sand art festival?

  1. Puri Beach
  2. Gopalpur Beach
  3. Chandrabhaga Beach
  4. Konark Beach

Answer & Explanation Discuss

25. The traditional Odia dance form 'Gotipua' involves performances by?

  1. Male dancers
  2. Female dancers
  3. Both male and female dancers
  4. Puppets

Answer & Explanation Discuss

26. The 'Tribal Research Institute' in Odisha is located in which city?

  1. Rourkela
  2. Cuttack
  3. Bhubaneswar
  4. Koraput

Answer & Explanation Discuss

27. The famous 'Mukteshwar Temple' in Bhubaneswar is dedicated to which deity?

  1. Lord Shiva
  2. Lord Vishnu
  3. Goddess Durga
  4. Lord Hanuman

Answer & Explanation Discuss

28. Which dam is built across the Brahmani River in Odisha?

  1. Hirakud Dam
  2. Rengali Dam
  3. Mandira Dam
  4. Indravati Dam

Answer & Explanation Discuss

29. The 'Barabati Fort' is located in which city of Odisha?

  1. Bhubaneswar
  2. Puri
  3. Sambalpur
  4. Cuttack

Answer & Explanation Discuss

30. The 'Sri Jagannath Sanskrit University' is situated in which town of Odisha?

  1. Puri
  2. Cuttack
  3. Bhubaneswar
  4. Konark

Answer & Explanation Discuss

31. The 'Rourkela Steel Plant', one of the largest steel plants in India, is located in which district of Odisha?

  1. Sundargarh
  2. Jajpur
  3. Balasore
  4. Keonjhar

Answer & Explanation Discuss

32. The state animal of Odisha is?

  1. Bengal Tiger
  2. Indian Elephant
  3. Olive Ridley Turtle
  4. Blackbuck

Answer & Explanation Discuss

33. Which region of Odisha is known for its unique form of classical dance called 'Mahari' dedicated to the deity Jagannath?

  1. Coastal Odisha
  2. Western Odisha
  3. Northern Odisha
  4. Southern Odisha

Answer & Explanation Discuss

34. The 'Ropeway Project' in Odisha, offering scenic views of the Hirakud Dam, is located in which city?

  1. Bhubaneswar
  2. Cuttack
  3. Sambalpur
  4. Rourkela

Answer & Explanation Discuss

35. The 'Chilika Development Authority' aims at the conservation of which important natural habitat in Odisha?

  1. Mangroves
  2. Wetlands
  3. Coral Reefs
  4. Sand Dunes

Answer & Explanation Discuss

36. Which historical figure is associated with the construction of the 'Konark Sun Temple'?

  1. Emperor Ashoka
  2. King Kharavela
  3. Raja Raja Chola
  4. Narasimhadeva I

Answer & Explanation Discuss

37. The 'Dola Yatra' festival in Odisha is dedicated to which deities?

  1. Lord Shiva
  2. Goddess Lakshmi
  3. Lord Krishna and Radha
  4. Lord Jagannath

Answer & Explanation Discuss

38. The 'Gundicha Temple' in Puri is associated with which major festival in the Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra?

  1. Snana Yatra
  2. Bahuda Yatra
  3. Nabakalebara
  4. Ratha Yatra

Answer & Explanation Discuss

39. The 'Paradeep Port', a major seaport in Odisha, is situated along the coastline of which bay?

  1. Bay of Bengal
  2. Arabian Sea
  3. Gulf of Khambhat
  4. Gulf of Mannar

Answer & Explanation Discuss

40. The famous 'Raghurajpur Crafts Village' is known for its association with which form of traditional art in Odisha?

  1. Pattachitra
  2. Dhokra
  3. Ikat Weaving
  4. Saura Painting

Answer & Explanation Discuss

41. The 'Nandankanan Zoological Park' in Odisha is renowned for?

  1. Lion Safari
  2. White Tiger Conservation
  3. Elephant Rehabilitation
  4. Crocodile Breeding

Answer & Explanation Discuss

42. What is the traditional Odia dance form that combines elements of dance, drama, and music, often performed during the 'Durga Puja' festival?

  1. Gotipua
  2. Chhau
  3. Sambalpuri
  4. Dalkhai

Answer & Explanation Discuss

43. The 'Hirakud Dam', one of the longest dams in the world, is built on which river in Odisha?

  1. Brahmani
  2. Mahanadi
  3. Subarnarekha
  4. Rushikulya

Answer & Explanation Discuss

44. Which festival marks the traditional Odia New Year and involves rituals related to agriculture and harvest?

  1. Nuakhai
  2. Raja Parba
  3. Kumar Purnima
  4. Dola Yatra

Answer & Explanation Discuss

45. The 'Gahirmatha Beach' in Odisha is famous for being a nesting site for?

  1. Sea Turtles
  2. Seagulls
  3. Dolphins
  4. Horseshoe Crabs

Answer & Explanation Discuss

46. In which district of Odisha is the Simlipal National Park, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, located?

  1. Sundargarh
  2. Kalahandi
  3. Balangir
  4. Mayurbhanj

Answer & Explanation Discuss

47. What is the traditional handwoven textile art of Odisha known for its intricate patterns and vibrant colors?

  1. Patta Chitra
  2. Sambalpuri Bandha
  3. Ikat Weaving
  4. Dhokra Art

Answer & Explanation Discuss

48. The 'Dhenkanal Palace' in Odisha is associated with which form of traditional martial art?

  1. Kalaripayattu
  2. Gatka
  3. Paika Akhada
  4. Silambam

Answer & Explanation Discuss

49. The 'Konark Dance Festival' in Odisha is an annual event showcasing performances in the classical dance form of?

  1. Odissi
  2. Bharatanatyam
  3. Kathak
  4. Kuchipudi

Answer & Explanation Discuss

50. The term 'Tribal Welfare Museum' in Odisha is associated with which city?

  1. Koraput
  2. Rayagada
  3. Bhubaneswar
  4. Balangir

Answer & Explanation Discuss

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