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Hash.merge(other_hash) Method with Example in Ruby

Ruby Hash.merge(other_hash) Method: Here, we are going to learn about the Hash.merge(other_hash) Method with examples in Ruby programming language.
Submitted by Hrithik Chandra Prasad, on March 13, 2020

Hash.merge(other_hash) Method

In this article, we will study about Hash.merge(other_hash) Method. The working of the method can’t be assumed because it’s quite a different name. Let us read its definition and understand its implementation with the help of syntax and program codes.

Method description:

This method is a Public instance method and belongs to the Hash class which lives inside the library of Ruby language. This method works in a way that it returns a new hash object which contains the keys and values of self hash as well as another hash. If both the hashes are containing the same keys and values then the new hash will not contain duplicate keys and values or you can say that each key and value will be stored only for once. This method is one of the examples of non-destructive methods where the changes created by the methods are temporary or non-permanent.

Syntax:

    Hash_object.merge(other_hash)

Argument(s) required:

This method only takes one parameter and that argument is nothing but another hash instance you want to merge.

Example 1:

=begin
  Ruby program to demonstrate Hash.merge(other_hash) method
=end	

hsh = {"colors"  => "red","letters" => "a", "Fruit" => "Grapes", "anything"=>"red","sweet"=>"ladoo"}
hsh1 = {"home" => "shivalik nagar", "city"=>"Haridwar","state"=>"Uttrakhand"}

puts "Hash.merge implementation:"
hash3 = hsh.merge(hsh1)

puts "The keys present in the new hash are: #{hash3}"

puts "Original hash : #{hsh}"

Output

Hash.merge implementation:
The keys present in the new hash are: {"colors"=>"red", "letters"=>"a", "Fruit"=>"Grapes", "anything"=>"red", "sweet"=>"ladoo", "home"=>"shivalik nagar", "city"=>"Haridwar", "state"=>"Uttrakhand"}
Original hash : {"colors"=>"red", "letters"=>"a", "Fruit"=>"Grapes", "anything"=>"red", "sweet"=>"ladoo"}

Explanation:

In the above code, you can observe that you can merge with another hash with the help of the Hash.merge() method. You can see that the new hash is containing the keys and values of both the hashes. This method is not creating any changes in the original hash because this method is an example of non-destructive methods where the changes created by the method are nonpermanent.

Example 2:

=begin
  Ruby program to demonstrate 
  Hash.merge(other_hash) method
=end	

hsh = {"home" => "shivalik nagar", "city"=>"Haridwar","state"=>"Uttrakhand"}
hsh1 = {"home" => "shivalik nagar", "city"=>"Haridwar","state"=>"Uttrakhand"}

puts "Hash.merge implementation:"

hash3 = hsh.merge(hsh1)

puts "The keys present in the new hash are: #{hash3}"

puts "Original hash : #{hsh}"

Output

Hash.merge implementation:
The keys present in the new hash are: {"home"=>"shivalik nagar", "city"=>"Haridwar", "state"=>"Uttrakhand"}
Original hash : {"home"=>"shivalik nagar", "city"=>"Haridwar", "state"=>"Uttrakhand"}

Explanation:

In the above code, you can observe that you can merge with another hash with the help of the Hash.merge() method. You can see that the new hash is containing no- duplicate keys and values even though there is a repetition of keys in both the hashes but the new hash is storing them only for once. This method is not creating any changes in the original hash because this method is an example of non-destructive methods where the changes created by the method are nonpermanent.






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