How to raise exceptions in Ruby?

Here, we are going to learn how to raise exceptions in Ruby programming?
Submitted by Hrithik Chandra Prasad, on November 11, 2020

In this article, we will see how we can raise exceptions in Ruby? We know that an exception is something that disturbs the easy flow of the program or you can say that it is the unexpected or abnormal event that occurs at the runtime. You must have seen that any code which is written between begin and end block is enough capable to handle any exception but the rescue keyword informs us with the type of exception ruby is going to handle. Ruby is capable to handle any Runtime Exceptions if they create any error in the code and disturbs the flow of the program and these types of error may result in "index out of range exception", "divided by zero error" and so on. If these errors are not handled, the program execution stops.

Whenever there is a call to raise a statement then the pointer goes to the rescue block and the execution takes place from there. Let us understand this with the help of program codes and syntax.


raise exception-type "exception_message" condition

Example 1:

    Ruby program to demonstrate use of raise statement 

  puts "Before the Exception arises!"
  raise "Creation of Exception done successfully!"
  puts "After the Exception arises!"


Before the Exception arises!
main.rb:7:in `<main>': Creation of Exception done successfully! (RuntimeError)


In the above code, you can observe that we have raised an exception with the help of the raise keyword and the statement which is written before the raise block has been printed on the other hand the statement which is written after the raise statement has not been executed because raise statement disturbs or stops the execution of the program.

Example 2:

    Ruby program to demonstrate use of raise statement 

puts "Use of Raise statement. Exception Raised"

    a = 50
    b = 0
    raise "the value of b should not be 0" if b == 0
    print "a/b = ", (a / b) 
    rescue ZeroDivisionError => e   
        puts e.message 
        puts e.backtrace 


Use of Raise statement. Exception Raised
the value of b should not be 0
main.rb:10:in `<main>'


In the above code you can observe that the exception is raised if the raise condition evaluates to be true and ultimately it is because the value of b is 0. e is the object of ZeroDivisionError and the methods e.message and e.backtrack are used to print the error message and error stack respectively.

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