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Android code to Read and Save Data to/from Internal Storage

In this article, we are going to learn the use of FileInputStream class and FileOutputStream class. This is used to store and read files and data to/from internal storage of your device.
Submitted by Shamikh Faraz, on January 30, 2018

1) XML code

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="com.example.faraz.internalstorage_example.MainActivity">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentRight="true"
        android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
        android:layout_marginRight="20dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="24dp"
        android:ems="10" >

        <requestFocus />
    </EditText>

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignRight="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_below="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_marginTop="24dp"
        android:ems="10" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
        android:text="File Name:" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
        android:text="Data:" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_below="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_marginLeft="70dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
        android:text="save" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_toRightOf="@+id/button1"
        android:text="read" />
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

2) Java file: (MainActivity.java)

package com.example.faraz.internalstorage_example;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    EditText editTextFileName,editTextData;
    Button saveButton,readButton;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        editTextFileName=(EditText)findViewById(R.id.editText1);
        editTextData=(EditText)findViewById(R.id.editText2);
        saveButton=(Button)findViewById(R.id.button1);
        readButton=(Button)findViewById(R.id.button2);

        //Performing Action on Read Button
        saveButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener(){

            @Override
            public void onClick(View arg0) {
                String filename=editTextFileName.getText().toString();
                String data=editTextData.getText().toString();

                FileOutputStream fos;
                try {
                    fos = openFileOutput(filename, Context.MODE_PRIVATE);
                    //default mode is PRIVATE, can be APPEND etc.
                    fos.write(data.getBytes());
                    fos.close();

                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),filename + " saved",
                            Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();


                } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {e.printStackTrace();}
                catch (IOException e) {e.printStackTrace();}

            }

        });

        //Performing Action on Read Button
        readButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener(){

            @Override
            public void onClick(View arg0) {
                String filename=editTextFileName.getText().toString();
                StringBuffer stringBuffer = new StringBuffer();
                try {
      //Attaching BufferedReader to the FileInputStream by the help of InputStreamReader
                    BufferedReader inputReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                            openFileInput(filename)));
                    String inputString;
                    //Reading data line by line and storing it into the stringbuffer
                    while ((inputString = inputReader.readLine()) != null) {
                        stringBuffer.append(inputString + "\n");
                    }

                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                //Displaying data on the toast
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),stringBuffer.toString(),
                        Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

            }

        });
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.activity_main, menu);
        return true;
    }

}

Output

You have to run this code either on your device or in an emulator. If you run in emulator then it can read data only if you have set prior data in your emulator, otherwise it will not work. If you run this, on actual device, it will read data from device internal storage.







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