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Nested loops in Scala

The nested loop is initializing a loop inside another loop. To iterate over the multi-dimensional array, print 2-D patterns. In this tutorial, we will learn about nested loops in Scala, their initializations, and examples.
Submitted by Shivang Yadav, on June 23, 2019

Nested loop in Scala

In programming, a nested loop is used in initializing or iterate multi-dimensional array or to print patterns. Scala provides an efficient method to use nested loops in the programming language. The most used nested loop in programming is nesting of for loops. As in nesting, the loop body should be simple it is perfect for nesting.

Nested Loops in Scala, Looping through a 2-D structure required the use of nested loops. The multiple for loop has more than one counter that is used in order to make sure that efficient work is done by the counter.

For nesting loops, we can place the second loop inside the body of the first loop. This is the traditional way and most used one too. And is done like this,

    loop1{
        loop2{
            //code to be executed… 
        }
    }

Example of Nested for loop in Scala:

object MyClass {  
      def main(args: Array[String]) {
            var i , j = 0;
            for(i <- 1 to 2){
                for(j <- 1 to 2)
                    println("(" + i + "," + j + ")")
            } 
        }
   }

Output

(1,1)
(1,2)
(2,1)
(2,2)

In this code two for loops are used to print tuples. The first runs from 1 to 2 and then the second run from 1 to 2 for each iteration of the first loop. For the first iteration of loop 1, loop 2 runs two times printing value 1,1 and 1,2. The same happens for the second iteration of loop 1 that prints 2,1 and 2,2.

In Scala, there is an easier way to make nested loops and this one requires fewer lines of code to be written by the programmer. The one uses multiple loop variable initialization in one body. Making use of this type reduces code length and is quick. This one is coded like this.

    loop(coditionvar1 ; condtionvar2){
	    //body of the loop
    }

Example:

object MyClass {
      
      def main(args: Array[String]) {
            var i , j = 0;
            for(i <- 1 to 2 ; j <- 1 to 2){
                
                    println("(" + i + "," + j + ")")
            } 
        }
   }

Output

(1,1)
(1,2)
(2,1)
(2,2)

The output is the same as above (1,1); (1,2);…. This is code in a lesser number of lines and only one block is used that reduces programming errors.

Explanation:

The code works in the same way as it does for two loops. The loop first increments the value of counter 2 (j in this case) until it gets to the maximum possible value (2). Then it increases the counter 1 ( i ) and resets the second counter value to initial value. This continues till the counter 1's value is maxed out.

Some other ways to write nested loops:

    for{
	    i <- 1 to 10;
	    J <- 1 to 10; 
    } // code





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