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Differences between Scala and Golang

Here, we will learn about the difference between Scala and Golang programming language. We will see their main features and programming syntax.
Submitted by Shivang Yadav, on January 24, 2021

Scala Programming Language

Scala stands for Scalable Language, which is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language. Scala is a Java based programming Language that is much easier to code than Java. So, it is treated as a future replacement of Java in enterprise software development.

Features of Scala programming Language

  • Integrates Features of both Object-Oriented Programming and Functional Programming.
  • Lazy Computation, it increases performance, the expression evaluates only when its evaluation is required.
  • Immutability: it means the value of a data cannot be changed by default.
  • Case Classes and Pattern Matching.
  • Type Interface: It recognizes data type and functions return type itself.
  • Concurrency Control: Scala Provide concurrency control using an actor model.
  • High Order Function: A function that works on another function.
  • It runs on JVM but the compiler is different.
  • Integrates Features of both Object-Oriented Programming and Functional Programming.
  • Lazy Computation, it increases performance, the expression evaluates only when its evaluation is required.
  • Immutability: it means the value of a data cannot be changed by default.
  • Case Classes and Pattern Matching.
  • Type Interface: It recognizes data type and functions return type itself.
  • Concurrency Control: Scala Provide concurrency control using an actor model.
  • High Order Function: A function that works on another function.

Basic program in Scala programing Language

object myObject {
    def addValue(a : Int, b : Int) = a + b;
    
    def main(args: Array[String]) {
        val val1 = 54;
        val val2 = 87;
    
        println("Value1 : " + val1)
        println("Value2 : " + val2)
    
        print("The sum of value1 and value2 is " + addValue(val1,val2));
    }
}

Output:

Value1 : 54
Value2 : 87
The sum of value1 and value2 is 141

Golang Programming Language

Golang stands for Go Programming Language, it is a procedural language and statically typed. Its syntax is similar to that of the C programming language.

Features of GoLang Programming Language

  • Flexibility: Go programs are simple and easy to read.
  • Memory management of Go programming is efficient as it uses garbage collection.
  • It supports concurrent programing.
  • It is statically typed.

Basic program in Go Programming Language

package main

import (
	"fmt"
)

func addValue(a, b int) int {

	sum := a + b
	return sum
}

func main() {
	var val1 int = 54
	var val2 int = 87
	fmt.Println("Value1 : ", val1)
	fmt.Println("Value2 : ", val2)
	fmt.Println("The sum of value1 and value2 is : ", addValue(val1, val2))
}

Output:

Value1 :  54
Value2 :  87
The sum of value1 and value2 is :  141
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