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round() function with example in C++

C++ round() function: Here, we are going to learn about the round() function with example of cmath header in C++ programming language?
Submitted by IncludeHelp, on April 27, 2019

C++ round() function

round() function is a library function of cmath header, it is used to round the given value that is nearest to the number with halfway cases rounded away from zero, it accepts a number and returns rounded value.

Syntax of round() function:

    round(x);

Parameter(s): x – is the number to round nearest to zero with halfway cases.

Return value: double – it returns double type value that is the rounded value of the number x.

Example:

    Input:
    float x = 2.3;    
    Function call:
    round(x);    
    Output:
    2

    Input:
    float x = 2.8;
    Function call:
    round(x);    
    Output:
    3

C++ code to demonstrate the example of round() function

// C++ code to demonstrate the example of 
// round() function

#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;

// main() section
int main()
{
    float x;
    
    x = 15.3;
    cout<<"round("<<x<<"): "<<round(x)<<endl;

    x = 15.5;
    cout<<"round("<<x<<"): "<<round(x)<<endl;

    x = 15.8;
    cout<<"round("<<x<<"): "<<round(x)<<endl;

    x = -15.3;
    cout<<"round("<<x<<"): "<<round(x)<<endl;

    x = -15.5;
    cout<<"round("<<x<<"): "<<round(x)<<endl;

    x = -15.8;
    cout<<"round("<<x<<"): "<<round(x)<<endl;    

    return 0;
}

Output

round(15.3): 15
round(15.5): 16
round(15.8): 16
round(-15.3): -15
round(-15.5): -16
round(-15.8): -16






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