Cascaded function call in C++ with example

Learn: What is cascaded function call in C++ programming language? How to call multiple functions in a single statement in C++?

Consider the following function calling


Here, ob is the object name; FUN1, FUN2, and FUN3 are the member functions of the class and ob.FUN1().FUN2().FUN3(); the cascaded type of calling of the member functions.

C++ programming allows calling functions like this, when multiple functions called using a single object name in a single statement, it is known as cascaded function call in C++.

As we know that this pointer returns the pointer of current object, by using this pointer we can achieve cascaded function calls.

Consider the program:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

class Demo {
    Demo FUN1()
        cout << "\nFUN1 CALLED" << endl;

        return *this;

    Demo FUN2()
        cout << "\nFUN2 CALLED" << endl;

        return *this;

    Demo FUN3()
        cout << "\nFUN3 CALLED" << endl;

        return *this;

int main()
    Demo ob;


    return 0;





In this program, class Demo contains three member functions, each function is returning *this, which contains the reference of the object. If the function returns a reference of an object, then we can easily call the member function using reference of object the object.

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