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Introduction to HTML (Hyper Hext Transfer Protocol)

Learn: In this article we will have a basic introduction to HTML, We will first discuss how to write your first HTML code?
Submitted by Mayank Singh, on August 08, 2017

What is HTML?

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.

What is Mark-up Language?

A Mark-up Language uses tags which provides a system for differentiating between text and syntactically written text, or basically Mark-up Language is used to control the presentation of text in the document.

What are the uses of HTML?

HTML is used for Creating Websites or Webpages, HTML code can be considered as a structure of a Web Document.

What are tags and elements?

Tags are the keywords which are used to define how our text will look once it is rendered on a web browser, there are two types of tags first is opening tag and the other one is closing tag, when both the type of tags are used in a webpage, they form what is known as a HTML element. TAG (opening) : <html>, TAG (closing) : </html>

What are attributes?

Attributes mainly provide extra features to the already available tags.

Example: Anchor tag

<a href="https://www.google.co.in">Google</a>

Here, in the above example href is an attribute which is used inside anchor tag for adding a link to our html webpage.

Is HTML a programming language?

No, HTML is not a programming language, it is just the set of tags and elements which are used to control the presentation of text in the form of Webpages or the group of Webpages (Websites).

List of Versions of HTML?

HTML 1991
HTML 2.0 1995
HTML 3.2 1997
HTML 4.01 1999
XHTML 2014
HTML5 2014

with every version, HTML has witnessed a lot of changes and in my coming articles I will be discussing about the changes mainly in the latest version that is HTML5.

What are some of the Text Editors / IDE's (Integrated Development Environment) for HTML5?

1.NOTEPAD - this is the most recommended text editor for beginners.
2.NOTEPAD++ - this gives you some advance features like auto highlighting the tags and elements of HTML5 document, once you save your document in the proper format that is ( .html ) in our case.
3.BRACKETS - this is a Open Source IDE used for Web Development, it is User friendly and is much recommended for professionals also.
4.KOMODO IDE - this is a paid IDE which comes with 21 day free trial, it is considered to be the best paid editor for Web Development and also Mobile Development.

Supporting Browsers for HTML5: Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Microsoft Edge, Opera etc.

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