# Convert octal string to integer using stoi() function in C++ STL

C++ STL stoi() function: Here, we are going to learn how to convert a given octal string to an integer using stoi() function.
Submitted by IncludeHelp, on March 11, 2019

## Problem statement

Given an octal string, we have to convert it into an integer using stoi() function.

## C++ STL stoi() function

stoi() stands for string to integer, it is a standard library function in C++ STL, it is used to convert a given string in various formats (like binary, octal, hex or a simple number in string formatted) into an integer.

### Syntax

```int stoi (const string&  str, [size_t* idx], [int base]);
```

### Parameters

• const string& str is an input string.
• size_t* idx is an optional parameter (pointer to the object whose value is set by the function), it's default value is 0 or we can assign it to nullptr.
• int base is also an optional parameter, its default is 10. It specifies the radix to determine the value type of input string (2 for binary, 8 for octal, 10 for decimal and 16 for hexadecimal).

### Return value

It returns converted integer value.

Here is an example with sample input and output:

```Input:
string oct_string = "12345";

Function call:
stoi(oct_string, 0, 8);

Output:
5349
```

## C++ STL code to convert an octal string into an integer

```#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;

int main() {
string oct_string = "12345670";
int number = 0;

number = stoi(oct_string, 0, 8);
cout << "oct_string: " << oct_string << endl;
cout << "number: " << number << endl;

oct_string = "12345";
number = stoi(oct_string, 0, 8);
cout << "oct_string: " << oct_string << endl;
cout << "number: " << number << endl;

return 0;
}
```

### Output

```oct_string: 12345670
number: 2739128
oct_string: 12345
number: 5349
```

Reference: std::stoi()