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string::assign() function with Example | C++ STL



string::assign() function with Example in C++ STL (Standard Template Library): In this article, we are going to learn String::assign() function with Example in C++ STL.
Submitted by IncludeHelp, on August 19, 2018

string::assign() function

assign()
is a library function of "string" class and it is used to assign, replace the string. This function is overloaded function, we can use it for many purposes i.e. to assign the string, replace a part of the string, any constant value etc.

Ref: std::string::assign()

1) To assign string with another string object (Complete string)

 string& string.assign (const string& str);

2) To assign string with another string object/ substring, starting by subpos index to sublen characters

 string& string.assign (const string& str, size_t subpos, size_t sublen);

3) To assign string with another constant string

 string& string.assign (const char* s);

4) To assign string with n characters of another constant string

 string& string.assign (const char* s, size_t n);

5) To assign string with the character 'c', n times

 string& string.assign (size_t n, char c);

Program:

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;

int main() 
{
	//declare string
	string str = "Hello world, how are you?";
	string str1;
	
	//assign complete string (str) to str1
	str1.assign (str);
	cout<< "str1: " << str1 <<endl;
	
	//assign first 11 characters from str to the str1
	str1.assign (str,0,11);
	cout<< "str1: " << str1 <<endl;
	
	//assign 3 characters from index 4 of str to the str1
	str1.assign (str, 4, 3);
	cout<< "str1: " << str1 <<endl;
	
	//assign complete string by using 
	//str.begin () and str.end () functions
	str1.assign (str.begin (), str.end ());
	cout<< "str1: " << str1 <<endl;
	
	//assign a part of the string by using
	//str.begin () and str.end () functions
	str1.assign (str.begin () +6, str.end () -2);
	cout<< "str1: " << str1 <<endl;
	
	//assign 3 characters of a constant string 
	str1.assign ("Hello",3);
	cout<< "str1: " << str1 <<endl;

	return 0;
}

Output

    str1: Hello world, how are you?
    str1: Hello world
    str1: o w
    str1: Hello world, how are you?
    str1: world, how are yo
    str1: Hel





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