# Declare, Initialize and Access a Vector | C++ STL

In this article, we will learn how to declare a vector in C++ STL (Standard Template Library), how to initialize it and how to access a vector in C++ STL?
Submitted by IncludeHelp, on August 24, 2018

Here, we have to declare, initialize and access a vector in C++ STL.

## Vector declaration

Syntax:

` vector<data_type> vector_name;`

Since, vector is just like dynamic array, when we insert elements in it, it automatically resize itself.

We can also use, the following syntax to declare dynamic vector i.e a vector without initialization,

`vector<data_type> vector_name{};`

If, we want to initialize a vector with initial elements, we can use following syntax,

`vector<data_type> vetor_name{elements};`

### Vector iterator

To access/iterate elements of a vector, we need an iterator for vector like containers. We can use following syntax to declare a vector iterator:

` vector<data_type>::iterator iterator_name;`

Example:

`vector<int>::iterator it;`

### vector:: begin() and vector::end() functions

Function vector::begin() return an iterator, which points to the first element in the vector and the function vector::end() returns an iterator, which points to the last element in the vector.

Program 1: Declare vector with Initialization and print the elements

```#include <iostream>
#include <vector>

using namespace std;

int main() {
// declare vector with 5 elements
vector<int> num{10, 20, 30, 40, 50} ;

//print the elements - to iterate the elements,
//we need an iterator
vector<int>::iterator it;

//iterate and print the elements
cout<< "vector (num) elements: ";
for( it=num.begin(); it!=num.end() ; it++ )
cout<< *it << " ";

return 0;
}
```

Output

```    vector (num) elements: 10 20 30 40 50
```

Program 2: Declare a vector without initialization, insert some elements and print

To insert elements in vector, we use vector::push_back() – this is a predefined function, it insert/pushes the elements at the end of the vector.

```#include <iostream>
#include <vector>

using namespace std;

int main() {
// declare vector
vector<int> num{};

//insert elements
num.push_back (100);
num.push_back (200);
num.push_back (300);
num.push_back (400);
num.push_back (500);

//print the elements - to iterate the elements,
//we need an iterator
vector<int>::iterator it;

//iterate and print the elements
cout<< "vector (num) elements: ";
for(it=num.begin (); it !=num.end (); it++ )
cout<< *it << " ";

return 0;
}
```

Output

```    vector (num) elements: 100 200 300 400 500
```

Languages: » C » C++ » C++ STL » Java » Data Structure » C#.Net » Android » Kotlin » SQL
Web Technologies: » PHP » Python » JavaScript » CSS » Ajax » Node.js » Web programming/HTML
Solved programs: » C » C++ » DS » Java » C#
Aptitude que. & ans.: » C » C++ » Java » DBMS
Interview que. & ans.: » C » Embedded C » Java » SEO » HR
CS Subjects: » CS Basics » O.S. » Networks » DBMS » Embedded Systems » Cloud Computing
» Machine learning » CS Organizations » Linux » DOS
More: » Articles » Puzzles » News/Updates