Home » C++ STL

std::replace_if() function with example in C++ STL

C++ STL | std::replace_if() function: Here, we are going to learn about the replace_if() function of algorithm header in C++ STL with example.
Submitted by IncludeHelp, on May 25, 2019

C++ STL std::replace_if() function

replace_if() function is a library function of algorithm header, it is used to replace the value in a given range based on the given unary function that should accept an element in the range as an argument and returns the value which should be convertible to bool (like 0 or 1), it returns value indicates whether the given elements can be replaced or not?

Note: To use replace_if() function – include <algorithm> header or you can simple use <bits/stdc++.h> header file.

Syntax of std::replace_if() function

    std::replace_if(
        iterator start, 
        iterator end, 
        unary_function, 
        const T& new_value);

Parameter(s):

  • iterator start, iterator end – these are the iterators pointing to the starting and ending positions in the container, where we have to run the replace operation.
  • unary_function – is a unary function that will perform the condition check on all elements in the given range and the elements which pass the condition will be replaced.
  • new_value – a value to be assigned instead of an old_value.

Return value: void – it returns noting.

Example: (Replacing EVEN number)

    //function to check EVEN value
    bool isEVEN(int x)
    {
        if (x % 2 == 0)
            return 1;
        else
            return 0;
    }

    Input:
    vector<int> v{ 10, 20, 33, 23, 11, 40, 50 };
    
    //replacing all EVEN elements with -1
    replace_if(v.begin(), v.end(), isEVEN, -1);
    
    Output:
    -1 -1 33 23 11 -1 -1

C++ STL program to demonstrate use of std::replace_if() function

In this program, we have a vector and replacing all EVEN numbers with -1.

//C++ STL program to demonstrate use of
//std::replace_if() function
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
using namespace std;

//function to check EVEN value
bool isEVEN(int x)
{
    if (x % 2 == 0)
        return 1;
    else
        return 0;
}

int main()
{
    //vector
    vector<int> v{ 10, 20, 33, 23, 11, 40, 50 };

    //printing vector elements
    cout << "before replacing, v: ";
    for (int x : v)
        cout << x << " ";
    cout << endl;

    //replacing all EVEN elements with -1
    replace_if(v.begin(), v.end(), isEVEN, -1);

    //printing vector elements
    cout << "after replacing, v: ";
    for (int x : v)
        cout << x << " ";
    cout << endl;

    return 0;
}

Output

before replacing, v: 10 20 33 23 11 40 50
after replacing, v: -1 -1 33 23 11 -1 -1

Reference: C++ std::replace_if()






Comments and Discussions

Ad: Are you a blogger? Join our Blogging forum.





Languages: » C » C++ » C++ STL » Java » Data Structure » C#.Net » Android » Kotlin » SQL
Web Technologies: » PHP » Python » JavaScript » CSS » Ajax » Node.js » Web programming/HTML
Solved programs: » C » C++ » DS » Java » C#
Aptitude que. & ans.: » C » C++ » Java » DBMS
Interview que. & ans.: » C » Embedded C » Java » SEO » HR
CS Subjects: » CS Basics » O.S. » Networks » DBMS » Embedded Systems » Cloud Computing
» Machine learning » CS Organizations » Linux » DOS
More: » Articles » Puzzles » News/Updates


© https://www.includehelp.com some rights reserved.