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Java program to print bits that need to be flipped to convert a number to another number

Given/input a number, we have to print bits that need to be flipped to convert a number to another number.
Submitted by Nidhi, on March 12, 2022

Problem Solution:

In this program, we will read 2 integer numbers from the user. Then we will print bits to be flipped to get the 2nd number from the 1st number.

Program/Source Code:

The source code to print bits that need to be flipped to convert a number to another number is given below. The given program is compiled and executed successfully.

// Java program to print bits that needs to be flipped 
// to convert a number to another number

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    Scanner SC = new Scanner(System.in);

    int num1 = 0;
    int num2 = 0;

    int bitNum = 0;
    int lsb1 = 0;
    int lsb2 = 0;

    System.out.printf("Enter Number1: ");
    num1 = SC.nextInt();

    System.out.printf("Enter Number2: ");
    num2 = SC.nextInt();

    System.out.printf("Bits needs to be changed are:\n");

    while ((num1 > 0) || (num2 > 0)) {
      lsb1 = num1 & 1;
      lsb2 = num2 & 1;

      if (lsb1 != lsb2)
        System.out.printf("%d ", bitNum);

      num1 = num1 >> 1;
      num2 = num2 >> 1;

      bitNum++;
    }
  }
}

Output:

Enter Number1: 11
Enter Number2: 17
Bits needs to be changed are:
1 3 4

Explanation:

In the above program, we imported the java.util.Scanner package to read the variable's value from the user. And, created a public class Main. It contains a static method main().

The main() method is an entry point for the program. Here, we read 2 integer numbers from the user. Then we printed bits that need to be flipped to get the 2nd number from the 1st number.

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