C++ program to check whether the matrix is a sparse matrix or not using class

Given a matrix, we to check whether it is a sparse matrix or not using the class and object approach.
Submitted by Shubh Pachori, on September 17, 2022

Example:

Input: 
Enter Matrix elements :
[0][0]: 0
[0][1]: 1
[0][2]: 0
[1][0]: 1
[1][1]: 0
[1][2]: 1
[2][0]: 0
[2][1]: 1
[2][2]: 0
Output: 
Entered Matrix :
0  1  0  
1  0  1  
0  1  0  

It is a Sparse Matrix!

C++ code to check whether the matrix is a sparse matrix or not using the class and object approach

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

// create a class
class Matrix {
  // private data member
 private:
  int matrix[3][3];

  // public member funtions
 public:
  // getMatrix() funtion to insert matrix
  void getMatrix() {
    cout << "Enter Matrix elements :" << endl;
    for (int row = 0; row < 3; row++) {
      for (int column = 0; column < 3; column++) {
        cout << "[" << row << "][" << column << "]: ";
        cin >> matrix[row][column];
      }
    }
  }

  // sparseMatrix() funtion to check whether the
  // matrix is a Sparse matrix or not
  void sparseMatrix() {
    // initialising int type variables
    // to perform operations
    int row, column, counter = 0;

    cout << "\nEntered Matrix :" << endl;

    // for loop to show the inserted matrix
    for (row = 0; row < 3; row++) {
      for (column = 0; column < 3; column++) {
        cout << matrix[row][column] << "  ";
      }
      cout << "\n";
    }

    // nested for loop to traverse the whole matrix
    for (row = 0; row < 3; row++) {
      for (column = 0; column < 3; column++) {
        // if condition to check for zero's in the matrix
        if (matrix[row][column] == 0) {
          counter++;
        }
      }
    }

    // if condition to check if the counter is greater than
    // the total elements of the matrix
    if ((counter > ((row * column) / 2))) {
      cout << "\nIt is a Sparse Matrix!" << endl;
    } else {
      cout << "\nIt is not a Sparse Matrix!" << endl;
    }
  }
};

int main() {
  // create an object
  Matrix M;

  // calling getMatrix() funtion 
  // to insert Matrix
  M.getMatrix();

  // calling sparseMatrix() funtion to check the matrix
  // whether it is a Sparse matrix or not
  M.sparseMatrix();

  return 0;
}

Output:

Enter Matrix elements :
[0][0]: 1
[0][1]: 0
[0][2]: 1
[1][0]: 0
[1][1]: 1
[1][2]: 0
[2][0]: 1
[2][1]: 0
[2][2]: 1

Entered Matrix :
1  0  1  
0  1  0  
1  0  1  

It is not a Sparse Matrix!

Explanation:

In the above code, we have created a class Matrix, one int type 2d array data members matrix[3][3] to store the elements of the matrix, and public member functions getMatrix() and sparseMatrix() to store the matrix elements and to check whether the matrix is a sparse matrix or not.

In the main() function, we are creating an object M of class Matrix, reading the inputted matrix by the user using getMatrix() function, and finally calling the sparseMatrix() member function to check whether the matrix is a sparse matrix or not. The sparseMatrix() function contains the logic to check whether the matrix is a sparse matrix or not and printing the result.

C++ Class and Object Programs (Set 2) »


ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT




Comments and Discussions!




Languages: » C » C++ » C++ STL » Java » Data Structure » C#.Net » Android » Kotlin » SQL
Web Technologies: » PHP » Python » JavaScript » CSS » Ajax » Node.js » Web programming/HTML
Solved programs: » C » C++ » DS » Java » C#
Aptitude que. & ans.: » C » C++ » Java » DBMS
Interview que. & ans.: » C » Embedded C » Java » SEO » HR
CS Subjects: » CS Basics » O.S. » Networks » DBMS » Embedded Systems » Cloud Computing
» Machine learning » CS Organizations » Linux » DOS
More: » Articles » Puzzles » News/Updates

© https://www.includehelp.com some rights reserved.