C++ program to find the sum of each row of matrix using class

Given a matrix, we have to find the sum of each row of matrix using the class and object approach.
Submitted by Shubh Pachori, on September 17, 2022

Example:

Input: 
Enter Matrix elements :
[0][0]: 8
[0][1]: 4
[0][2]: 3
[1][0]: 5
[1][1]: 8
[1][2]: 0
[2][0]: 9
[2][1]: 6
[2][2]: 1
Output: 
Entered Matrix :
8  4  3  
5  8  0  
9  6  1  

Sum of 0 row is 15
Sum of 1 row is 13
Sum of 2 row is 16

C++ code to find the sum of each row of matrix using the class and object approach

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

// create a class
class Matrix {
  // private data member
 private:
  int matrix[3][3];

  // public member funtions
 public:
  // getMatrix() funtion to insert matrices
  void getMatrix() {
    cout << "Enter Matrix elements :" << endl;

    for (int row = 0; row < 3; row++) {
      for (int column = 0; column < 3; column++) {
        cout << "[" << row << "][" << column << "]: ";
        cin >> matrix[row][column];
      }
    }
  }

  // sumRow() funtion to add elements 
  // of each row
  void sumRow() {
    // initialising int type variables
    // to perform operations
    int row, column, sumrow;

    cout << "\nEntered Matrix :" << endl;

    // for loop to show the inserted matrix
    for (row = 0; row < 3; row++) {
      for (column = 0; column < 3; column++) {
        cout << matrix[row][column] << "  ";
      }

      cout << "\n";
    }

    cout << "\n";

    // nested for loop to add each rows elements of the matrix
    for (row = 0; row < 3; row++) {
      sumrow = 0;

      for (column = 0; column < 3; column++) {
        sumrow = sumrow + matrix[row][column];
      }

      cout << "Sum of " << row << " row is " << sumrow << endl;
    }
  }
};

int main() {
  // create an object
  Matrix M;

  // calling getMatrix() funtion to 
  // insert Matrix
  M.getMatrix();

  // calling sumRow() funtion to 
  // add each row
  M.sumRow();

  return 0;
}

Output:

Enter Matrix elements :
[0][0]: 1
[0][1]: 2
[0][2]: 3
[1][0]: 4
[1][1]: 5
[1][2]: 6
[2][0]: 7
[2][1]: 8
[2][2]: 9

Entered Matrix :
1  2  3  
4  5  6  
7  8  9  

Sum of 0 row is 6
Sum of 1 row is 15
Sum of 2 row is 24

Explanation:

In the above code, we have created a class Matrix, one int type 2d array data members matrix[3][3] to store the elements of the matrix, and public member functions getMatrix() and sumRow() to store the matrix elements and to find the sum of each row of the matrix.

In the main() function, we are creating an object M of class Matrix, reading the inputted matrix by the user using getMatrix() function, and finally calling the sumRow() member function to find the sum of each row of the matrix. The sumRow() function contains the logic to find the sum of each row of the matrix and printing the result.

C++ Class and Object Programs (Set 2) »


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