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Implement Stack using Linked List in C++

C++ stack implementation using linked list: Here, we are writing a C++ program to implement stack using linked list in C++.
Submitted by Souvik Saha, on May 04, 2019

To implement a stack using a linked list, basically we need to implement the push() and pop() operations of a stack using linked list.

Example:

Input numbers: 1,3,5,8,4,0

We push the numbers into the stack and whenever it executes a pop() operation, the number is popped out from the stack.

stack using linked list

Algorithm:

To implement the push() operation:

  1. If the Linked list is empty then create a node and point it as head of that Linked List.
  2. If the Linked List is not empty then create a node with the input number to be pushed and make it head of the Linked List.

To implement The pop() operation

  1. If the Linked List is already empty then do nothing. Output that empty stack.
  2. If the Linked List is not empty then delete the node from head.

C++ implementation:

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

struct node{
    int data;
    node* next;
};

//Create a new node
struct node* create_node(int x){
    struct node* temp= new node;
    temp->data=x;
    temp->next=NULL;
    return temp;
}

//Enter the node into the linked list
void push(node** head,int x){
    struct node* store=create_node(x);
    if(*head==NULL){
        *head =store;
        return;
    }
    struct node* temp=*head;
    //add the number in the front of the linked list
	store->next=temp;
    *head=store;
}

//pop from the stack
void pop(node** head){
	if(*head==NULL)
		return;
	struct node* temp=(*head)->next;
	*head=temp;				//delete from the front
}
void print(node* head){
	struct node* temp=head;
	while(temp){
		cout<<temp->data<<" ";
		temp=temp->next;
	}
}

int main()
{
    struct node* l=NULL;
    push(&l,1);
    push(&l,2);
    push(&l,3);
    push(&l,4);
    push(&l,5);
    push(&l,6);
    cout<<"Before the pop operation"<<endl;
    print(l);
    pop(&l);
    pop(&l);
    cout<<"\nAfter the pop operation"<<endl;
    print(l);
    return 0;
}

Output

Before the pop operation
6 5 4 3 2 1
After the pop operation
4 3 2 1





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