Home » Android

Android code to Read and Save Data from/to External Storage

Like internal storage, we can also read and save data from/to the external memory such as SD card of the actual device. In this article, we are going to learn the use of FileInputStream class and FileOutputStream class.
Submitted by Shamikh Faraz, on January 30, 2018

1) XML code

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="com.example.faraz.externalstorage_example.MainActivity">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentRight="true"
        android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
        android:ems="10"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteX="65dp"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteY="106dp">

        <requestFocus />
    </EditText>

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignRight="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_below="@+id/editText1"
        android:ems="10"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteX="65dp"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteY="171dp" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
        android:text="File Name:"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteX="82dp"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteY="61dp" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
        android:text="Data:"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteX="197dp"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteY="61dp" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_below="@+id/editText2"
        android:text="save"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteX="192dp"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteY="260dp" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_toRightOf="@+id/button1"
        android:text="read"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteX="65dp"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteY="260dp" />
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

2) Java file: (MainActivity.java)

package com.example.faraz.externalstorage_example;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    EditText editTextFileName,editTextData;
    Button saveButton,readButton;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        editTextFileName=(EditText)findViewById(R.id.editText1);
        editTextData=(EditText)findViewById(R.id.editText2);
        saveButton=(Button)findViewById(R.id.button1);
        readButton=(Button)findViewById(R.id.button2);

        //Performing action on save button
        saveButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener(){

            @Override
            public void onClick(View arg0) {
                String filename=editTextFileName.getText().toString();
                String data=editTextData.getText().toString();

                FileOutputStream fos;
                try {
                    File myFile = new File("/sdcard/"+filename);
                    myFile.createNewFile();
                    FileOutputStream fOut = new

                            FileOutputStream(myFile);
                    OutputStreamWriter myOutWriter = new

                            OutputStreamWriter(fOut);
                    myOutWriter.append(data);
                    myOutWriter.close();
                    fOut.close();

         Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),filename + "saved",Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();


                } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {e.printStackTrace();}
                catch (IOException e) {e.printStackTrace();}

            }

        });

        //Performing action on Read Button
        readButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener(){

            @Override
            public void onClick(View arg0) {
                String filename=editTextFileName.getText().toString();
                StringBuffer stringBuffer = new StringBuffer();
                String aDataRow = "";
                String aBuffer = "";
                try {
                    File myFile = new File("/sdcard/"+filename);
                    FileInputStream fIn = new FileInputStream(myFile);
                    BufferedReader myReader = new BufferedReader(
                            new InputStreamReader(fIn));

                    while ((aDataRow = myReader.readLine()) != null) {
                        aBuffer += aDataRow + "\n";
                    }
                    myReader.close();

                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext

                        (),aBuffer,Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

            }

        });
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.activity_main, menu);
        return true;
    }

}

3) Android Manifest code:

You also have to provide the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission in android manifest file.

<luses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.example.faraz.externalstorage_example">

    <uses-sdk
        android:minSdkVersion="8"
        android:targetSdkVersion="16" />
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>

Output

You have to run this code either on your device or in an emulator. If you run in emulator then it can read data only if you have set prior data in your emulator, otherwise it will not work. If you run this, on actual device, it will read data from device external memory.







Comments and Discussions

Ad: Are you a blogger? Join our Blogging forum.





Languages: » C » C++ » C++ STL » Java » Data Structure » C#.Net » Android » Kotlin » SQL
Web Technologies: » PHP » Python » JavaScript » CSS » Ajax » Node.js » Web programming/HTML
Solved programs: » C » C++ » DS » Java » C#
Aptitude que. & ans.: » C » C++ » Java » DBMS
Interview que. & ans.: » C » Embedded C » Java » SEO » HR
CS Subjects: » CS Basics » O.S. » Networks » DBMS » Embedded Systems » Cloud Computing
» Machine learning » CS Organizations » Linux » DOS
More: » Articles » Puzzles » News/Updates


© https://www.includehelp.com some rights reserved.